Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

Expand


2019 Archive

1 Title: HOUSEHOLD ECONOMICS LEARNING IN THE CONTEXT OF MALAY AND DAYAK COMMUNITIES.pdf
Author: M. BASRI AND BUDI EKO SOETJIPTO
Abstract: This article is intended to determine: (1) the perspective of economic behaviour; and (2) teaching household economics in Malay and Dayak community in West Kalimantan. This study used a qualitative approach, which is more natural, descriptive, and inductive approach. Selection of data source or subjects of research taking place on a rolling basis as needed until it reaches saturation, with research subjects namely the Malay and Dayak community in West Kalimantan. The results showed that the Malay and Dayak peoples perspectives seen in the economic behaviour: (1) the choice of domicile: tend to be close to a food source; (2) the behaviour of consumption: it largely depends on natural products; (3) productive behaviour: cultivate fish, livestock and farming; (4) the ability in facing change: readiness against floods; and (5) preference for the technology: the use of technology to make ends meet. Meanwhile, the household economics learning process occurs through: (1) provide examples of behaviour; (2) carrying children in economic activity; (3) give an oral explanation; (4) provide relevant demands of economic behaviour; and (5) a discussion related to economic activity. Keywords: Economic Behaviour, Economic Learning, Household View
2 Title: EFFECT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT ON THE PROFITABILITY OF THE JORDANIAN COMMERCIAL BANKS.pdf
Author: ABDULRAHMAN K. M. AL-AZZAWI AND LOAI ARAFAT ALTMIMI
Abstract: The objective of this research paper is to evaluate the effect of investment in information and communication technologies on the profitability and performance of the Jordanian commercial banks, whether it helps to improve sales or it helps to reduce the overall operating expenses. To arrive at this objective, the researchers used Cobb Douglas production function as a proxy to measure these effects. The researchers used two measures of profit: ROA and ROE as dependent variables for this purpose, depending on the annual reports of the sample Jordanian commercial banks as a source for the raw data that was used in the analysis for the period between 2006 to 2013. SPSS was used as a statistical tool for the arrangement of data and mutable regression was used as a statistical tool for the analysis. From the analysis of the study, the following conclusion was reached: there is a positive effect of investment in information and technologies on the profitability and performance of the sample Jordanian commercial banks used in this research. Keywords: Information and communication technology, Investment, Profitability, Commercial banks, Jordan. View
3 Title: SIMULATING SOCIAL NETWORKING IN HIGHER EDUCATION TO IMPROVE COGNITION FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AN AUSTRALIAN CASE STUDY.pdf
Author: ROBERT GILL
Abstract: This paper explores how online transactional communication can be used to stimulate discussion through simulating social media and enhance the performance for Asian (particularly Chinese) international students studying a non-campus core academic unit in communication at an Australian university. Research has indicated that there is a strong correlation between cognitive ability and text-based learning for higher education students from a non-English speaking background (NESB). This case study further demonstrates the relationship by analysing the results from NESB (predominantly Chinese) students over five years in the core communication unit. The paper reviews results from the communication unit and analyses these against findings from previous literature and a cognitive study based on comprehension. This information should aid in the understanding of online discussion as a tool for building stronger engagement between NESB, English-speaking background (ESB) students and the curriculum, and how web-based networking can augment multimedia and hyperlink opportunities in the curriculum. View
4 Title: BANK CREDIT CONTROL AND COMMERCIAL BANKS’ PERFORMANCE A CASE OF WUKARI TARABA STATE NIGERIA.pdf
Author: OGBOLE, FRIDAY OGBOLE, PhD. AND SAMULA, IDI AKETEMO
Abstract: The study examines the impact of Bank Credit Control on Commercial Banks’ performance, using Wukari town (Taraba State, Nigeria) as a case study. Insurgency attacks reduced the number of functional banks. Structured questionnaire, based on five-points likert scale were administered on the staff of two operating (functional) banks. Ordinary least square (OLS) linear multiple regression analysis was employed in data analysis. The result shows that Bank credit control does not have a significant effect on commercial banks’ performance in Wukari, in the context of its current/prevalent circumstances. It is recommended that all possible credit control measures should be appropriately and effectively utilized to enhance commercial banks’ performance in Wukari town. Keywords: Bank credit control; commercial Banks performance; likert-scale; Multiple Regression. View
5 Title: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH JOB PERFORMANCE.pdf
Author: LUBNA JAVED AND NIDA JAVED
Abstract: This paper focuses on the importance of motivating the employees to get superior work behaviours in order to accomplish organizations goals. Motivation is caused in employees through various extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Today the employees in Pakistan seem to be demotivated because of various reasons. This study focuses on the identification of factors of motivation and the relation of motivation with job performance. The main findings of this study revealed that positive working environment, opportunity of gaining quality experience, alignment of skills and job done by the employees and benefit packages have a significant effect on the motivation and the job performance Key words: Motivation, work performance and rewards. View
6 Title: SOME REASONS FOR DIFFERENCES IN STATE PERFORMANCE ACROSS COUNTRIES.pdf
Author: WILLIAM R. DIPIETRO
Abstract: This paper uses cross country regression analysis on an index of state failure and on its twelve component sub-indexes to access the potential effect of the level of economic development, democracy, secularity, and market access on the extent of state failure. As a general proposition, the study finds that all of the variables are relevant for both overall state failure and with regard to the various components of state failure, with higher values for any of the variables associated with lower state failure. View
7 Title: FOSTERING SHORT TERM INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: IHEJIRIKA, UGOCHI A. AND IFIONU, EBELE P., PhD.
Abstract: This study examines the extent at which short term instrument operation has stimulated economic growth in Nigeria over the time frame of 1985 to 2017. The study employs the unit root/Stationarity test, co-integration test, error correction model and the granger causality test. The study discovers that Treasury bill shows a negative and significant influence on gross domestic product in Nigeria. Commercial paper shows a negative and significant influence on gross domestic product in Nigeria. Certificate of deposit shows a positive and significant influence on gross domestic product, and Bankers’ acceptance shows a positive and significant influence on gross domestic product in Nigeria. This shows a close link between this short term instrument as mobilized through the money market and productive capability in the Nigerian economy. In light of the findings, the study recommends that the Treasury bill as an instrument should be carefully administered to avoid tying up productive capital and crippling the Nigerian economy. There is still need to promote the use of commercial papers and certificate of deposit in the money market since their descriptive mean were very low showing low activities and Bankers’ Acceptance should be efficiently utilized to ensure it is backed by productive activities which can stimulate the Nigerian economy. Keywords: Money Market, Market Instruments, Economic growth, Nominal gross domestic product. View
8 Title: PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN ECED CLASSROOMS.pdf
Author: KHUSH FUNER MURTAZA
Abstract: This paper offers information through my personal involvement, observations and reflections on Parental Involvement in ECED Classrooms. During the pre-intervention and intervention stages, I was heavily engaged in one of the public sector schools while working with ECED teachers. On the basis of the experiences I have written the paper. This paper attempts to illustrate with an introduction, a rationale and some definitions of parental involvement. It also talks about the factors which influence on parental involvement and highlights the challenges faced during my field work. It also discusses the lesson learnt in the process, and concludes with some suggestions for a possible and preferable way forward. Keywords: Parental involvement, Early Childhood Education and Development (ECED), Reflection, Professional Development Centre North, Aga Khan University View
9 Title: SCHEDULING AND OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY IN THE MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: RICHARD SORLE NEEDORN
Abstract: Manufacturing firms are in the business of producing goods. The entire production process and effort needs to be efficient if the organization will achieve its classic objectives of either profit maximization or cost minimization. For organization to operate at this level and achieve the set objectives, the production process needs to be regulated. To analyze the play out of this in manufacturing firms, this study was designed to examine the impact of scheduling on operational efficiency. Scheduling was measured using three dimensions: timing, input factor and equipment scheduling. Operational efficiency was measured using waste minimization, cost efficiency and enhanced output. The cross sectional summary method was used to generate data. The study examined 13 manufacturing firms in 3 different sectors. Three hypotheses were formulated from the reviewed literatures. These hypotheses were analyzed using Kendall Tau B correlation coefficient through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.1. The findings revealed a significant relationship between all measures of scheduling and all dimension of operational efficiency. Consequent on the findings, it was recommended that time should be allocated to all production activities, input factors and raw materials should be well arranged and structured and all equipment and machinery should be serviced, maintained and structured effectively to enhance operational efficiency in the production processes of manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Keywords: Time, Input factors, Equipment, Scheduling, Outputs, Cost efficiency, Waste minimization, Operational efficiency. View
10 Title: FACTORS INFLUENCING MARKET PENETRATION OF TAK?FUL INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA (1985 2008).pdf
Author: OMAIMA EL TAHIR BABIKIR MOHAMED, SYED OTHMAN ALHABSHI AND KAMARUDDIN SHARIF
Abstract: This research provides insights into the factors influencing Takāful penetration rate of the Malaysian Takāful industry for the period 1985–2008. Its objective is to identify the factors that influence the market penetration from the perspective of Takāful participants. Data was collected through a survey and was analyzed using SPSS software. Employed techniques was Cross Tabulation & Chi-Square tests. It was found that the factors influencing Takāful penetration were age, gender, religion, marital status, education, income, awareness, product varieties, and knowledge of staff and agents of Takāful. The research findings suggest the need to increase product varieties, training of staff and agents to enhance their product knowledge, technical and Shariăh knowledge as well as to intensify the level of awareness. Keywords: Takāful, Market, Penetration, Malaysia View

home