Dr Reiko Journals

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REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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2017 Archive

1 Title: IMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY AND OTHER HEALTH HAZARDS IN SINALOA.pdf
Author: LIBRI MALËSI
Abstract: This paper describes and analyzes the Mexican education sector’s strategies implemented to cater for this segment of the population at risk, as well as the consequences for social and economic development. Keywords: Overweight, Obesity, Children, Temperature, Budget View
2 Title: EFFECTS OF JOB SATISFACTION ON THE HEALTH CARE SECTOR IN AMMAN DISTRICT.pdf
Author: OGUZTÜRK BEKIR , SAMI, SEKER HILAL AND ERTAN ADNAN
Abstract: Abstract This article investigates effects of job satisfaction on the health care sector in AMMAN DISTRICT and found that Job autonomy had a negative indirect effect on turnover intentions through work-life conflict. Meanwhile, schedule flexibility had insignificant effect on turnover intentions. Therefore, it was clear that the informal WLB practices (manager support and job autonomy) had the most significant effect and are the determinants of turnover intentions. The mediating role of work-life conflict was only significant with job autonomy. Additionally, the effect of work-life conflict on turnover intentions was positive and significant. Keywords: Work-life balance, Turnover intentions, Work-life conflict, Private hospitals, Jordan. View
3 Title: TORTURE AND EXTRAJUDICIAL VIOLENCE IN INDONESIA.pdf
Author: SOMAYYEH LLESHI
Abstract: Abstract This study used a qualitative research method examine extrajudicial violence in Indonesia. The research location is in East Aceh. Data collection techniques are interviews, observation, and documentation. Some findings from this study are generally the reason violence on women victims of conflict is seen from a feminist perspective are: (a) DOM by central government, (b) having a relationship with the Free Aceh Movement (c women functioned as a military as a tool to capture the opponent, and (d) patriarchy as a form of subjugation on womens sexuality. Furthermore, in the typology of violence experienced by women based on her experience of them, (a) physical violence, (b) sexual abuse, (c) psychological violence, (d) economic violence. Finally, the impact of violence experienced by women victims of conflict during the Military Operation Zone in East Aceh is: (a) the physical pain and psychological, (b) hatred of the abuser, (c) trauma even symptoms of psychiatric disorders. Some things do female victim namely, (a) following the rehabilitation reform back the mental / psychology, (b) married to an Acehnese as a survival strategy, (c) for women who have been traumatized married again, they go through life working in various places. In fact, the women claimed that they could never forget the experience of suffering. Keywords: Aceh, women, experience, typology and impact of violence View
4 Title: SUITABILITY AND CRUCIALITY OF BUREAUCRACY IN MODERN SOCIETY.pdf
Author: ABRAHAM T. O. STEWART (PhD) AND IWARIMIE B. URANTA (PhD)
Abstract: Abstract Bureaucracy whether in parliamentary, presidential or other forms of government performs very important universal responsibilities that cannot be over-looked. This paper seeks to establish that there is competitive struggle among organizations and officials (the Army, Navy, Air-force, Police, State Security Service, Parastatals, Ministries, Chamber of Commerce, Trade Unions, Banks, Universities etc.) especially in the executive branch to determine what foreign policy decisions will be made and who will carry them out. Each member of the decision-making team is expected to take positions designed to protect and enhance his or her departmental interest. “Where you stand depends on where you sit”. The bureaucrats are involved in politics, because they deal with the personal deficiencies of the politicians in decision making processes for the smooth running of the organization or the institutions. The politicians in most developing countries are creatures of their environment, without well-equipped knowledge and technological administrative competence, hence the bureaucratic officers who possess the necessary metal academic and administrative knowledge impose their views, even if by way of advice to the politicians who are relieved of the burden of thinking and critical examination of the issue concerned. This paper is descriptive in nature and employed the secondary data with baseline and qualitative information from books written by authoritative authors, and the work adopted the elite theory as its theoretical framework and outlined some recommendations for improvement of the bureaucratic capabilities. Keywords: Bureaucracy, Policies, Decision-Making, Cruciality, Suitability, Execution and Advice. View
5 Title: WOMEN’S AUTONOMY AND MATERNAL HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION IN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: JEBBIN MACLEAN FELIX (PhD) AND TAMARAODUBO THOMAS AKPOKABOWEI
Abstract: Abstract Given the high rate of maternal mortality in Nigeria and the bias in research and policy on maternal and child health in Nigeria which focused more on female education and employment, neglecting the place of women’s decision-making autonomy, this paper therefore, examines the women’s autonomy in maternal or reproductive health care. The study is based on Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), 2013 which is a nationally representative, population based household survey. A total number of 19,397 women were analyzed in the study. Maternal health care utilization was measured using the number of visits to antenatal, delivery and postnatal health care services and women’s autonomy measured in terms of decision making regarding health care, household purchase, family visit or relative and control of husband earnings. The Pearson Chi-square Statistical technique and simple percentage were used in analyzing the data. The result shows that a significant and statistical relationship exists between women’s autonomy and utilization of maternal health care in Nigeria. Thus, the study concludes that utilization of maternal health care increases with the level of women’s autonomy. Keywords: Women’s Autonomy and Maternal Healthcare View
6 Title: STOCK EXCHANGE MARKET AND MONETARY POLICY IN INDONESIA.pdf
Author: GALLOWAY MARTINS (PHD) AND FARAJI GJEOGRAFIA
Abstract: Abstract This article seeks to find a correlation between the stock exchange market and the monetary policy in Indonesia.This research uses secondary data from the quarterly financial statements of oil palm plantation companies listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange for period 2007-2011. Based on the recapitulation, the data that meet the criteria for analysis are from 5 companies of the 13 companies listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange. The research results shows that the capital structure negatively and significantly influences the profitability and the firm value. The firm growth negatively and significantly influences the profitability and the firm value. The dividend policy positively and significantly influences the profitability but positively and not significantly influence the firm value. The profitability positively and significantly influences the firm value. The capital structure negatively and significantly influences the firm value through profitability. The firm growth negatively and not significantly influences the firm value through profitability, and the dividend policy positively and significantly influences the firm value through profitability. Keywords: Capital structure, Dividend policy, Firm growth, Firm value, Profitability. View
7 Title: HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS AND METHODS OF ADMINISTRATION IN ARAB SOCIETIES.pdf
Author: UBERTI ENERGJIA
Abstract: Abstract The Arithmetic mean of the estimates of academic deans and this study reflects on higher education institutions and methods of administration in Arab societies the study sample consisted of (234) Academic Deans and department chairs at Jordanian private universities. The sample was selected randomly, and in light of this, data was collected and analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The most important findings and conclusions of the research are (1)Department chairs at Jordanian private universities towards the obstacles of total quality management application were high (2)The arithmetic mean of the estimates of academic deans and department chairs at Jordanian private universities towards total quality management application were moderate. (3)The organizational culture obstacles were ranked first in the impact on the level of total quality management application, it interpreted (36%) of the variance in the level of total quality management application. Keywords: Total Quality Management Obstacles, Total Quality Management Application, Jordanian Private Universities. View
8 Title: ENTREPRENEURSHIP BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS AND TYPES OF OWNERSHIP.pdf
Author: CELINE OBIAGERI UGWONYIKE AND AUGUSTINE ONUEGBU NWALA
Abstract: Abstract Entrepreneurship is the identification, evaluation, and exploitation of an entrepreneurial activity as well as the involvement of both in agential functions and that of social structures. By this, the entrepreneur is seen as a special individual that delivers economic values; which means he makes money for himself, and as well as for others. This article thus, examines entrepreneurship from ownership point of view and explains its inherent benefits to the Nigerian economy. View
9 Title: UNITED STATES AND NORTH KOREA NUCLEAR CRISIS AN X-RAYS ON GLOBAL PEACE.pdf
Author: SAMBO JOHNSON MADIGWE AND EBEKU ASUEME
Abstract: Abstract Given the fact that war is hell, but it is also exhilarating for many. It’s terrible and destructive nature through the application of nuclear missiles, ballistic, chemical, hydrogen bombs and weapons of mass destruction is capable of destroying huge swaths of humanity. However, the persistent United States-North Korea confrontation for over two decades centers on North Korea’s nuclear weapons programs. Being a superpower, the United States and the international community for years have tried to negotiate an end to Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile development and its export of ballistic missile technology. Those efforts have been replete with periods of crisis, stalemate, and tentative progress towards denuclearization, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has posed a key challenge for the global nuclear nonproliferation. This article examines the United States and North Korea Nuclear Crisis, focusing on its implication on global peace. It theorizes that the continued threat of nuclear and missile tests by North Korea has escalated to war of words between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un, and its implication is that diplomats have as well failed to keep the peace. Key words: United States-North Korea, Nuclear and Ballistic Missiles, Pyongyang, Sanctions, Diplomatic Talks, Light-Water Reactor, Korean Peninsula, 38th Parallel Line, South Korea, Japan, Northeast Asia, Nuclear War. View
10 Title: DETERMINANTS OF WELLBEING IN A SOUTH AFRICAN TOWNSHIP.pdf
Author: PAUL-FRANÇOIS MUZINDUTSI AND TSHEDISO JOSEPH SEKHAMPU
Abstract: Abstract Life evaluations capture a reflective assessment on a person’s life or some specific aspects of it. Given the relative lack of empirical work on subjective wellbeing (SWB) amongst residents in South African townships, this paper seeks to fill that gap by exploring the determinants of SWB in a township of Kwakwatsi. This study is based on household data collected through a survey to investigate the factors that might affect wellbeing. A multiple regression model was used to determine the impact of selected socio-economic variables on wellbeing. The mean score for wellbeing was 12, indicating that on average people in the area are substantially dissatisfied with their lives. The age, educational attainment, employment status of the head, and the number of household members employed were found to exert a positive impact on wellbeing, whereas household size was negatively associated with wellbeing. Information provided through the study can be used when planning interventions relating to low income residents. Key Words: Wellbeing, Life satisfaction, Determinants, Township, South Africa. View
11 Title: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AND TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY EVIDENCE FROM THE CZECH AGRICULTURAL SECTOR.pdf
Author: OND?EJ MACHEK
Abstract: Abstract Agriculture is an important sector of the economy which is often monitored by the government and which is often subject of international disputes. Given the importance of this sector, it is necessary to measure its performance. In this article, we calculated and compared the development of two measures of performance of the agricultural sector of the Czech Republic: the total factor productivity measured by the Fisher index of productivity, and the financial performance measured by three profitability ratios: return on equity, return on assets and return on sales. It is considered that productivity and financial performance do not necessarily move in the same direction. However, we observed a connection between these measures and suggested that this dependence is due to the data interrelatedness. We suggest that total factor productivity, when measured by monetary aggregates such as value added, will be positively correlated to the financial profitability ratios when measured on the basis of the same data. However, for the Czech sector, data are not available due to the transition from the centrally-planned economy to the market economy in 1989 and a turbulent development since that time. Key Words: Total Factor Productivity; Financial Performance; Agriculture. View
12 Title: THE ROLE OF CULTURE AND BELIEF SYSTEMS IN SHAPING CUSTOMARY LAND REFORM.pdf
Author: AUSTINE NG?OMBE AND ANTHONY MUSHINGE
Abstract: Abstract In their quest for economic development through increased private investment, many developing countries are reformulating land policies to pave way for the transformation of communal land rights into private property. However, these customary land reform efforts have often been frustrated by indigenous people who feel such proposals threaten rural livelihoods and undermine the traditional political structures. Most of the research on this subject has focused on whether, how and/or to what extent the objectives of land reforms (e.g. tenure security and hypothecation) have been achieved. However, there is a lack of scholarly research on how and why indigenous people‟s cultural perspectives and belief systems on land (can) undermine progress on customary land reform. The paper examines and shows how customary land reform aspirations can be undermined by not only the ambiguity of national legal frameworks and lack of participation of local communities in the design of land reform policies/law, but also the indigenous people‟s long-standing cultural perspectives/belief systems on customary land (reform). We recommend that more innovative ways and further research are needed to achieve land reform and economic development. This, however, should take on board the cultural aspirations of the indigenes‟ way of life, belief systems and values. Keywords: customary land reform, customary land rights, leaseholds, indigenous people, Zambia View
13 Title: MODERATE EXERCISE AS PREVENTIVE FACTOR FOR ANXIETY DISORDERS.pdf
Author: JOSEPH, RUGAI (PhD)
Abstract: Abstract The personal, social and cultural meaning of exercise and anxiety differ among age groups and cultures while anxiety varies from mild to moderate and morbid levels resulting from various factors. The focus of this review is to familiarize the reader with the benefits of moderate exercise in relieving anxiety. It examined the concept of exercise and anxiety, the types and health effects, diagnosis of anxiety and how anxiety can be managed with simple and moderate exercises. Literature review carried out in this article indicates that moderate exercise reduced anxiety significantly more than psychotherapy and drug. This signifies that exercise should be encouraged in persons or patients with anxiety disorders. Keywords: Exercise, Health Effects, anxiety and disorder. View
14 Title: FACTORS THAT DETERMINE THE STATED WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR AIR POLLUTION A CASE OF BOPHELONG TOWNSHIP.pdf
Author: ISMAEL MALOMA AND MMAPULA BRENDAH SEKATANE
Abstract: Abstract The aim of this paper is to quantify the willingness to pay for improved air-quality in a typical low-income settlement in South Africa by making use of the contingent valuation method (CVM). Direct valuation methods or stated preferences methods such as CVM are used to value goods that do not have a market value i.e. price-quantity data does not exist for such goods. The mean WTP to reduce air pollution in Bophelong is approximately R132 per annum. The econometric analysis found that most parameters had their expected sign. WTP was found to be positively correlated with employment status and income. Males were however, found to be less likely to have a positive WTP than their female counterparts. Household size was also found to be negatively correlated with WTP. Key Words: Pollution, Willingness to pay, Bophelong View
15 Title: MULTIPLE DIRECTORSHIP AND FIRM PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: ROSEMARY EDEMEMEN UAGBALE-EKATAH AND FELIX ERHINYOJA ERHIRHIE
Abstract: Abstract This study employs a longitudinal research design in the bid to examine multiple directorship and firm performance in Nigeria. The population of the study includes the banks quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at the study period. As at December, 2016, there were fifteen commercial banks listed on the floor of the Stock Exchange. This study made use of the fifteen (15) banks quoted in the Nigerian stock exchange using simple random sampling technique. Secondary data was used for the study. The secondary data was collected from annual reports of selected banks. The study made use of ordinary least squares regression analysis as the data analysis method. The study found that Multiple Directorship has a positive relationship with financial performance. It is therefore recommended that companies can incorporate individuals with multiple directorship status in their board as this was found to positively impact on profit generation using available assets. However, companies must try to limit the number of directorship positions that such individuals should hold. The Breusch-Pagan-Godfrey (B-P-G), Breusch-Godfrey LM Test (B-G) and Ramsey model test all confirm that the models are all diagnostically fit. Key Words: Multiple directorships, firm performance, Board independence View
16 Title: CHALLENGES FACED BY SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHER TRAINEES IN UNIVERSITIES IN UGANDA.pdf
Author: TUYIZERE ALICE PEACE, PhD.
Abstract: Abstract This paper examined experiences of teacher trainees during their training for secondary education. Technology has had a significant impact on teacher trainees’ experiences at university level. World over, science and research are shaping people’s lives, yet, in Ugandan universities, this is taking a negative impact. For example the majority of teacher trainees offer humanities which quite often lead to unemployment of many graduate teachers; teaching staff in most universities still use out dated modes of teachinge, eg; dictating notes to overcrowded students in lectures rooms and dining halls; the majority of the teaching staff and students lack skills in computer use; universities do not also have enough computers and projectors for staff and teacher trainees, due to inadequate funding; teaching staff still depend on notes which have turned yellow because they are not updated. Poor teaching methods affect the quality of teachers produced and their marketability in the global market of employment. Keywords; Challenges, Teacher Trainees, Secondary School and Universities View

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