Dr Reiko Journals

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REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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2020 Archive

1 Title: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE MODERNISM AND CONTEMPORARY VALUES IN THE DEVELOPED COMMUNICATION SKILLS BOOKS TAUGHT IN GRADES THIRD CYCLE FOR BASIC STAGE.pdf
Author: ZAKARIYYA SHABAN
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate arranges of include communication skills text books modernism and contemporary value, and is there experience sequins, and the study tried to determine the orientation behind this concentration. A list of values included 10th modernism and contemporary values. Content analysis was used as a tool in collecting data, and the sentence was choosing as a unit in the analysis. Frequencies and percentages of the include values were computed. Validity and reliability procedures were done to obtain objective result. As a result of this study the following values had the most concentration: Creative Technology encouragement, responsibility, and being self and internal control. The least concentration values were: environment care, Health care, Achievement work respect, and Time usufruct. And there isnt an experience sequin in text books. That means the methodology of these books is not clear, and moreover it shows that the values werent the main purpose. The study recommended that books for basic stage to include these values. Curricle developers, researchers and teachers to benefit from the obtained results of this study. Keywords: Communication Skill, Third Cycle, Modernism an Contemporary Values View
2 Title: AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHALLENGES IN SERVICE STUDENT TEACHERS ENCOUNTER IN TRANSFORMATIONAL GEOMETRY, “REFLECTION AND ROTATION”......pdf
Author: DENNIS KAMBILOMBILO AND WHYSON SAKALA
Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate the challenges in-service mathematics student teachers face in transformational geometry; reflection and rotation. The Van Hiele Theory of levels of Thought was used as the theoretical framework for this study. A case study was undertaken using a written test. The research was carried on second and third years in- service student teachers of mathematics pursuing a diploma programme by distance learning at Mufulira college of Education on the Copperbelt province of Zambia. The sample size was made up of 70 in-service student teachers comprising in terms of gender, 30 female and 40 male students. The research design used for the study was a mixed method involving survey and qualitative methods. Data collected were analyzed quantitatively using the Angel Gutirrez and Adela Jaime and the Van Hiele models .The SPSS software was used to find simple descriptive data such as the mean and standard deviations. A simple t- Test was also performed on the data. In-service mathematics students demonstrated limited understanding of the Van Hiele level 3 through to level 4. These findings raised questions about their ability and competency if questions and problems go a little bit beyond the text book questions. Difficulties encountered by in-service teachers in their learning of transformational geometry; reflection and rotation were: reflection of figure in other mirror lines apart from (x =0, y = x, y = -x and y = 0), rotation of geometrical figures with different centers apart from the origin, describing or writing the equation of the line of reflection. Keywords: Investigation, Challenges, Encounter, In- service teachers, Transformational geometry. View
3 Title: DEVELOPMENT OF BANK ACCOUNTS RECONCILIATION SOLUTION AIMED AT IMPROVING THE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PROCESSES OF PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA..pdf
Author: OKWUOSA, FIDELIS CHRISTOPHER
Abstract: This study is aimed at developing a bank accounts reconciliation solution towards improving the financial management processes of public universities in Nigeria.  The target population of this study included universities in Ghana. The universities’ bank reconciliation operations were observed; access to their cash books and bank statements was made; and relevant questions were asked. Before its administration, the interview was subjected to content validity through process of logical validation by expert opinions. The data generated were analyzed using percentages, tables and charts. The universities approached bank reconciliation exercise based on theoretical method and no provision for bank errors was created in their reconciliation systems. The results suggested that there have been significant weaknesses in the existing bank reconciliation formats used in the universities. Universities’ management should endeavour to utilize opportunities arising from the outcomes of different researches conducted globally on financial management, including this currently developed manual/automated bank reconciliation solution, View
4 Title: POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE NIGER DELTA AN APPRAISAL OF ODUAL AND KALABARI RELATIONS 1900 2010.pdf
Author: B.T. MICHAEL, PhD. AND G. M. BROWN, PhD.
Abstract: This paper examines intergroup relations in the Niger Delta using Odual and Kalabari relations from 1900-2010 as a case study. Odual and Kalabari has over the years established contacts that cut across all facets of human lives and has spanned through the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial eras of their history. The colonial and post-colonial era of Odual and Kalabari relations experienced changes due to colonial administrative structures, missionary activities, educational development and politics. The changes impacted on the economic, political and socio-cultural lives of both groups. However, no scholarly work has been done on Odual and Kalabari relations to bring to lime light their contributions to the economic, political and social developments of the region. As regards methodology, the primary and secondary sources were employed to generate required data mainly from oral interview, intelligence reports, books, journals, articles. Since knowledge cut across disciplines, the work also made use of Multidisciplinary approach to further enrich the available historical data. The study reveals that Odual and Kalabari have long years of relationship influenced by historical ties, economic, socio-cultural and political conditions. Furthermore, the colonial and post-colonial eras of Odual and Kalabari relations resulted to increased volume of trade, markets, marriage contracts, socio-cultural ties, common language, political and economic co-operation, migrations and settlements which eventually culminated to land disputes, political marginalization, deprivation and total neglect. The relationship between Odual and Kalabari was not totally peaceful as there were pockets of wars and conflicts but in such times, the use of diplomacy, dialogue and tolerance by the Odual and Kalabari guaranteed peace. The researcher therefore recommends deliberate study of intergroup relations between bigger and smaller groups, abhorrence of internal colonialism, use of diplomacy and dialogue to resolve differences amongst others. Key Words: Odual, Niger Delta, Kalabari, Intergroup Relation View
5 Title: IMPACT OF PROBLEM BASED LEARNING ON STUDENTS CRITICAL THINKING DISPOSITIONS, KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION AND RETENTION.pdf
Author: AHLAM EL-SHAER AND HALA GABER
Abstract: The recent campaign seeks to shed light on the move to a new delivery system approach in  nursing schools, where student centered learning such as problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced to replace the teacher centered learning in an effort to promote nursing students critical thinking ability, enhance their knowledge acquisition and retention, autonomy, and professional identity. Aim: to examine the impact of problem based learning on students critical thinking dispositions, knowledge acquisition and retention. Methods: The study was used quasi-experimental design and conducted at the Nursing Administration Department, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University. The total number of the nursing students enrolled in the 3rd year (2011-2012) (n= 385 nursing students) Only 200 students, were agreed to participate in this study, which divided randomly into two groups. 100 students were experimental group and100 students were control group. Data was collected by using three tools: The California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTID) questionnaire. It was developed by Facione & Facione (1992), to measure the students disposition of critical thinking. Student guide and four ill structure scenario, It was developed by the researchers about actual or potential problems related to four managerial skills namely (motivation, manage change, leadership, and communication), and Knowledge test, which developed by the researchers, used to assess students’ knowledge acquisition and retention. Conclusion: There were statistical significant improvements in students` critical thinking post PBL than pre intervention. Also, self-confidence item of critical thinking had high percent of change post intervention followed by inquisitiveness and maturity. Increasing of total mean score of knowledge acquisition and retention of the experimental group than total mean score of knowledge acquisition and retention of control group. No statistical significant correlation between students` total knowledge of experimental group and their critical thinking post intervention. Recommendation: The study recommended that: Problem-based learning should be incorporated into the curriculum to encourage engagement and relatedness. Teachers should continue to incorporate strategies that employ higher-order thinking skills into the curriculum (e.g. PBL, case studies, and comprehensive projects). Instruction in the facilitation of PBL should be incorporated into teacher education programs and professional develop seminars. Keywords: PBL- Critical thinking dispositions, Knowledge acquisition, Knowledge retention View
6 Title: COMPARING EFFICACY OF ENGLISH CURRICULUM COMPONENTS AT HIGH SCHOOLS VS ENGLISH TEACHING INSTITUTES IN ISFAHAN, IRAN.pdf
Author: LOTFALI ABEDI, HASAN KARAMALIAN AND ZEYNAB YAZDANI
Abstract: The present research has attempted to compare English curricula at high school vs. English teaching institutes. This research has aimed to study and compare components of English curricula from high school teachers and students’ perspectives vs. English language institute instructors and learners’ viewpoints. A descriptive-survey research method was adopted in this study. To select statistical sample, stratified sampling method, proportional to the sample size, was used, and a researcher-made questionnaire involving 49 forced-choice Questions was utilized for data collection. To estimate questionnaire validity, content validity was used, with its reliability coefficient being estimated 0.90 utilizing Alpha Cronbach Coefficient Method. Data obtained from questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics including frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, single-sample T-Test, Pearson Correlation Coefficient tests, Kolmogorov-Smirinov, T-test for two independent samples, Levine’s test, One-path variance analysis. The results showed that, from the perspective of all four groups, all components of English curriculum were effective; however, such curriculum was more effective at English teaching institutes than at high school settings. Keywords: Curriculum, Goals, Content, Teaching-Learning Process & Evaluation View
7 Title: ASSESSMENT OF TAIF UNIVERSITY LECTURERS EXAM QUESTIONS QUALITY ACCORDING TO BLOOM’S COGNITIVE TAXONOMY AND TESTING CRITERIA.pdf
Author: NEHAD RABE’A EL-BEHERI PhD.
Abstract: The aim of this study is to help teachers and lecturers evaluate their current exam questions and hence develop them to represent higher cognitive levels. Bloom’s Taxonomy on the cognitive levels is used as scientific tools to classify exam questions of Foreign Languages Department in Taif University. This classification is very useful to determine the real cognitive level represented by exam questions for each course. This requires lecturers’ designing such learning objectives that are consistent with this aim. In other words, a lecturer is recommended to plan for learning objectives that require training students on higher order thinking skills whether in class activities or assignments. This enables the lecturer to write exam questions which represent higher cognitive levels. This, in turn, is reflected in students’ results which will logically give a realistic reflection to what they have already learned. Useful recommendations are also submitted to help lecturers transform their exam questions from lower cognitive level into higher cognitive levels. Keywords: Bloom’s Taxonomy- exam questions-cognitive levels-thinking skills. View
8 Title: FREQUENCY AND DISTRIBUTION OF VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN SOUTHERN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: OKODUDU E.E., PhD.
Abstract: The study analyzed the distribution of sources and frequency of victims of human trafficking in Southern Nigeria. Periodic data of human trafficking between 2010 and 2014 were collected from National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic in Person (NAPT1P). Descriptive statistics involving frequency and percentage and inferential statistics involving regression analysis were employed for the data analysis. Results showed that out of the 101 total sources (LGAs) of human trafficking in Southern Nigeria, 26 (25.7%) were found in Akwa Ibom State, 10 (9.9%) in Cross River State, and 9 (8.9%) in Imo State while Ogun, Ondo and Osun States recorded the least 2 (2.0%). Similarly, the total frequency of victims were 460 in which Akwa Ibom State recorded 220 (47.8%), Cross River State had 70 (15.2%) and Imo State had 31 (6.7%) while the least 3 (0.7%) was recorded in Osun State. Significant relationship was discovered between the distribution of sources and frequency of victims (R= 0.974; p<0.05). The study concluded that human trafficking was a serious problem in the Southern Nigeria and it is therefore recommended among others that adequate and effective security platform should be established at the borders especially States that recorded high distribution and frequency of victims of human trafficking. Keywords: Distribution, Frequency, Human trafficking, Southern Nigeria. View
9 Title: THE POLITICS OF PLAGIARISM AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: E.C. MACALEX-ACHINULO (PhD)
Abstract: The study centers on the politics of plagiarism and intellectual property development in Nigeria. The focus is basically on intellectual property right, copyright, trademark, patent and plagiarism. The theoretical model is triangulated on literary theory and human capital theory with references to Paul de Man, Mikhail Bakhtin and Gary Becker, Jacob Mincer, and Theodore Schultz, respectively. Information sourced revealed that as early as 1518 and 1883, copyright law and intellectual property right started existing, respectively. The politics of plagiarism and the roles played by both rights backed by law were awesome. To that extent, recommendations were made as thus; enhancing the sensitization process as to enlighten people on the implications and merits of originality and acknowledgement of other people’s works; training and retraining of teachers on ways and means of cross-checking to know percentages that are acceptable on different write ups, government to advance modern technology that will easy the process, etc. Keywords: Politics, Plagiarism, Intellectual Property, Copyright, Trademark, Patent, Development, Literary Theory and Human Capital Theory View
10 Title: FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN ZANZIBAR RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.pdf
Author: MARY ATANAS MOSHA
Abstract: This study investigated the factors affecting students’ performance in English language subject in Zanzibar Secondary Schools. Bloom’s (1982) model of evaluation was used as a framework in the study. The study employed qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data were collected using interviews, classroom observation, questionnaire and documentary review. Result of the study reveals that students were highly motivated to learn English for future expectations such as local and international communication, academic advancement and employment prospects. However, students’ performance was affected by shortage of English teachers and absence of teaching and learning materials. The findings shows that presence of untrained, under-qualified, and trained teachers in schools who were incompetent as a result they skipping to teach some difficult topics in the syllabus. Study findings also indicated that students’ infrequent use of English language at school and home, large class size, teachers’ responsibilities, poor conducive teaching and learning environment in the classrooms, limited home support environment and poverty were contributing factors for English poor. Based on this study results, study recommend in-service teachers training to enhance teachers English teaching skills, equal distribution of English teachers, adequate teaching facilities, and conducive learning environment at the schools. Key Words: English proficiency, students’ performance, variables, attitude, comprehensive. View

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