Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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2014 Archive

1 Title: PSIKOLOGI TAFSIR SOSIAL DAN PROFESIONAL ATAS KENYATAAN.pdf
Author: ROOK AHMED
Abstract: The academic purpose of this research is to develop a scientific reference based on the result of the research, concerning diffable. It also has a purpose to apply relevant theories into practice and develop them to solve the problem in public, government, and policy related institutions. The approach of this research is qualitative with the use of explorative case study method. The goals of this research are to pinpoint the development process of organization communication through communication media and information dissemination to improve athletes’ potential in West Java; the development process by the organization in order to improve the diffable athletes achievement; and to discover the development pattern of diffable athletes to attain a higher achievement. Keywords: policy, diffable athletes, organization communication, self-existence development. View
2 Title: X-RAY OF COMMUNITY HEALTH PROGRAMS (CHPs) IN SUDAN.pdf
Author: MOHALIGA SALIM
Abstract: This research x-rays community health programs (CHPs) in Sudan. The study included 48 students from second class, 43 from third class and 45 from fourth class. They selected by systemic random sampling and interviewed to collect required data using a questionnaire. The proportion of participation in community health services among public health students was 28.7%. Most of participation (97.3%) was voluntary while the rest (2.7%) was remunerative participation. Community services was the main reason of participation 25(64.1%) followed by training 13(33.3%) and only 1(2.6%) was for money. The percentage of participation among second class was 8.3%, third class 41.9% and fourth class 37.8% (X2 = 15.189 , P value = 0.001). Participation in community health programs among males was 51.5% and among females was 21.4%. The participation of public health students in community health services was so limited and should be encouraged. Keywords: participation, health, students, services, voluntary, Sudan. View
3 Title: INSECURITY IN NIGERIA IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE NIGER DELTA AND NORTH EAST REGIONS OF NIGERIA.pdf
Author: ROBERT-OKAH I., PhD.
Abstract: That the security situation in Nigeria has become enormous and complex is no longer in doubt. To tackle insecurity, it is important to identify and investigate its sources/causes. This paper isolates and clarifies the different causes/sources of insecurity in Nigeria. These sources have been attributed to quite a number of factors. The factors have been classified into external and internal. Beyond the external – internal dichotomy, sources of insecurity have also been grouped into remote and immediate. The paper identifies insecurity as a major obstacle to sustainable national and educational development in Nigeria. In order to check insecurity in Nigeria, the paper recommends the following: issues of social inequity, deprivation and unemployment should be addressed, right to self-determination should be recognized, security methodology should be made proactive, and there should be genuine improvement in governance and rule of law. Key words: Insecurity, sustainable educational development.  View
4 Title: EXAMINATION OF HOUSING AND SETTLEMENT ISSUES IN INDONESIA.pdf
Author: BAIDI AHMA
Abstract: This work examines the issues of housing and settlement in Indonesia. Data were collected in March-April 2014 using the method: observation, interviews and focus group discussion. Data Analysis is using structural equation modeling analysis (SEM). The results showed that: (1) Serving Leadership has a significant effect on the government performance in the resettlement case. (2) The apparatus behavior has a significant effect on the government performance in the resettlement case (3) both serving leadership and apparatus behavior jointly affect to the service performance. The research implications are the application of serving leadership and the improvement of bureaucratic behavior which is very important to improve the government services performance in the resettlement case. View
5 Title: CULTURAL RELATIVISM IN ACCOUNTING THE NIGERIAN PERSPECTIVE.pdf
Author: IHE, NDUBUISI J., PhD.
Abstract: The study focuses on the relationship between culture and accounting practices and procedures. The objective of the paper is to examine the extent of changes and effects on accounting information resulting from cultural influences. The paper maintains that accounting per se, is not technical but cultural in nature. The study applied survey design on both male and female Accountants. The study reveals that the way people behave and use words, views, how they reason, interpret events, react to situations, accept and integrate new ideas or are repulsive to change are all influenced by culture. It maintains that culture determines the judgment/decision process in accounting, and as such, there is need for international harmonization of accounting standards. The paper however recommends that the adoption of IFRS should serve as a basis for realistic accounting standard for all the nations. View
6 Title: PUBLIC SERVICE QUALITY AND POPULATION DATABASE UTILIZATION IN INDONESIA.pdf
Author: BUPOM PUPKI
Abstract: This research focuses on effectiveness, efficiency and population database utilization strategy in public service by user institutions. The populations of this study are 32 (thirty-two) user institutions. It means all population is being use as sample. The study observes that the effectiveness and efficiency in using population database has significant correlation with the improvement of public services. Effectiveness in utilizing population database (X1) contributed 14.8%, while the efficiency in utilizing population database (X2) contributed 13,9% to variable quality of public serves (Y) respectively. It means that the more effective and efficient population database utilization, the higher improvement of public service quality. In line with the utilization of population database as mention above, it has found strategy formulation or “Mode” in improving quality of public service. Keywords: Population database, effective and efficiency, public service quality. View
7 Title: ADVERSE EFFECTS OF “CAM” IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.pdf
Author: TEREN CHUI
Abstract:  Treatment for illnesses was the main purpose for CAM use and musculoskeletal problems were the main health complaints. Fewer side effects were also cited as the main reason for patient use of CAM. In addition, average scores for nutritional knowledge (52%) and practices (65.8%) among CAM users were at nominally satisfactory levels while nutrition attitudes scored higher (73.9%). Women showed greater nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practices and thus, scored higher than men: (p<0.001). However, we discovered no significant relationship between nutritional knowledge and socio-economic characteristics (p>0.05). There does, however, appear to be positive correlations between nutritional knowledge and attitudes (r=0.496, p<0.001), as well as practices (r=0.427, p<0.001). Keywords: nutritional knowledge, attitude, practices, complementary alternative medicine (CAM). View
8 Title: EVOLVING CUSTOMER RETENTION STRATEGIES AS PANACEA FOR BANKS- SURVIVAL-IN-NIGERIA- (SURVEY-OF-RIVERS-STATE).pdf
Author: ORJI, OKECHUKWU GOODHOPE
Abstract: Customer switching in the Nigerian banking industry is one of the highest in Africa. In order to halt customer switching, Nigerian banks are implementing different policies. This study empirically investigates the role of customer retention strategies in Nigerian banks’ survival. The result of the study is intended to acquaint Managers of Nigerian banks with different retention strategies that will halt/minimize customer switching. A survey of 90 bank Managers drawn from four major banks in Nigeria was utilized. Convenience and snowball sampling methods were used. Data analysis was conducted using simple frequency distribution table and chi-square. The result suggests that Managers should adopt retention strategies in their operations. By so doing, the banks will establish administrative framework to ensure distinguished services in form of quality, prompt attention to complaints and enviable service culture. Keywords: Customer Retention, Strategies, Banks’ Survival. View
9 Title: AIDS PANDEMIC STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION IN JAYAPURA CITY.pdf
Author: KUBUN JAYAPU
Abstract: This study aims to describe the stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV that occurred in Jayapura City. This study used a qualitative method with a phenomenological design. The main informants were 9 people living with HIV who experience stigma and discrimination from the surrounding environment and of itself-depth interviews were used to collect the data. The validity of the data is done with the member check and trick description. The Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV still happens in Jayapura. Given the stigma against people with HIV because of public knowledge that HIV is only transmitted through sexual intercourse, therefore PLWHA labeled a sinner and destroyer of the family name. Not a few people living with HIV who experience discrimination from family, social environment, the workplace, health care and even in places of worship. Keywords: Threats, stigma, discrimination. View
10 Title: CORELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURE AND COMMUNICATION IN MALAYSIA.pdf
Author: HALL MALONEY AND MATY NELSON
Abstract: This research aims to analyze the barriers of cross-cultural communication in electronic-based companies. The subjects for this study, comprising company operators and middle to top management were randomly selected from electronic-based companies domiciled in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. This study adopted a quantitative approach method, where questionnaires were distributed among 200 employees. Analysis of data compiled was carried out using the SPSS version 20.0 mode. Through an in-depth analysis and application of this study, there is a bigger impact of multinational firm communication in the cross-cultural communication. In addition, the dimensions of national cultures, high and low context communication, language and communication system have no apparent effects on the cross-cultural communication. A lesson to company managers is that issues such as misunderstanding, miscommunication and misinterpretation will arise in the workplace if managers and employees do not fully understand the cultures of each other. Keywords: Cross culture management, Communication system, High and low context communication and Dimensions of national cultures. View
11 Title: COMPUTER BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM IN CONTEMPORARY GEOSPATIAL RESEARCH.pdf
Author: PORONAKIE, N. B.
Abstract: The challenge confronting this era of globalization and economic recession in which human survival is the watchword, demands contributions from all works of life, especially the academia towards sustainable development of Third World Countries. Today, the study of geography and environmental studies has become the basis for understanding a world that is more complex and dynamic than ever before. Through the appreciation of diversities and varieties of the world’s people, places and the fast changing environment; the discipline provides  real opportunities for policy relevant researches, entrepreneurial skills and efficient services not only for contributing to local, national and global development but also for promoting multicultural, international and social inclusion to achieve world peace. It is now universally accepted that being literate in Geography and Environmental Studies is a pre-requisite for equipping the citizenry to earn an honest and decent living; enjoy the beauty and richness of life and to participate meaningfully in a globalized competitive economy. The MDGs of Geography and Environmental Studies education (2000) emphasizes the importance of being environmentally informed as it provides the best option for addressing the web of interdependent relationships between people, places and environment. The dynamic links between and within events characterizing the global connections of human activities on the earth’s surface prompted the concern for investigating series of interconnected structural elements; forming complex spatial systems that can only be identified and analyzed with the aid of modern research instruments. As a result of constant improvements in quantification of 1960s, computer application in the analysis of geo-environmental data of 1970s has versed our perception and measurability of spatial phenomena. The current use of Computer-Based Geographic Information System with on-line internet services has further facilitated methods of data (information) collection, storage, analysis, retrieval and dissemination for sustainable growth in the subject area. Keywords: Hypothetic-Deductive Approach, Quantitative Revolution, Computer Application, Geographic Information System, Sustainable growth. View
12 Title: ETIOLOGY OF DOMESTIC- VIOLENCE IN MAURITIUS.pdf
Author: LENT KELLER
Abstract: The Convention of the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and other international conferences on women have paved the way for providing for women rights as human rights thereby advancing the advocacy against domestic violence. However, the main explanation put forward to account for violence against women by feminist has been seriously challenged by family conflict researchers and some feminist researchers in the 1990’s. Women also perpetrate violence and the feminist paradigm by focusing exclusively on male violence has ignored female violence. The analysis of violence whereby women can be both a victim and a perpetrator has led to the emergence of the concept of intimate partner violence and several typologies have been constructed to analyze the dynamics of violence between intimate partners. These typologies allow researchers to fine tune their data collection tools, to develop more realistic theories, and design more effective intervention strategies. Keywords: Domestic violence, feminist movement, intimate partner violence. View
13 Title: PERSONAL NEEDS AS PART AND PARCEL OF CONSUMER BUYING MOTIVES.pdf
Author: IHEMEREZE E. KESIDE, PhD.
Abstract: Buying behavior is subdivided into commercial buying behavior and personal buying behavior. Commercial buying behavior is the act of buying products for industrial use or resale whereas personal buying behavior or consumer behavior is the act of buying products for personal consumption or use. Both commercial and personal buying activities are activated by needs. The choices of products to satisfy such needs are often influenced by a variety of mental, economic, socio-cultural, demographic, competitive, technological and political-legal factors. Needs and the considerations that determine the choices of products to satisfy them are collectively called buying motives.  Buying motives are those influences or considerations which provide the impulse to buy and determine choice in the purchase of goods. Consumer buying motives could thus be described as those considerations that make consumers to react in the form of decision to make purchases. In fact, they are the reasons or the whys of consumer behavior. These definitions of buying motives in fact disprove the assertion by some authors that motives make us aware of our needs and give us a reason for action through the revelations that: (i) Consumer buying motives consist of personal needs. (ii) Consumer buying motives are the reasons of consumer behavior. As a matter of affect, consumers do generally become aware of their internal and external needs through their mental/sensory processes as well as promotional messages. It is important to note that consumers with normal sensory processes do only respond to promotional messages when they showcase their buying requirements or motives. View

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