Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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2015 Archive

1 Title: LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL INTERACTION IN PHILIPPINES.pdf
Author: ROSI BINALE AND PULANI SHANA
Abstract: Informed by the proposed framework of Kumupulainen & Wray (1997) on analyzing children’s classroom discourse, this study aims to identify the various functions of language among children’s discourse and how these language functions are used to negotiate meaning in a social classroom interaction. Findings on the video recorded and transcribed children’s classroom discourse reveal that there are categorized and uncategorized language functions that come into play. Accordingly, categorized language functions (e.g. interrogative, responsive, organization, to name a few) show that children use informative language (most predominantly) in a social interaction while the uncategorized language functions (e.g. code-switching; polite expressions; expression of sarcasm; repetition/emphasis; self-correction, to name a few) co-occur with their own intentions that may contribute to the existing language functions in children’s discourse. In conclusion, results show that children’s classroom discourse when paid attention leads to learning experiences through the use of various language functions that determine children’s purpose in the negotiation of meaning in their talk. Keywords: Language functions; children’s talk; classroom; discourse; Philippines. View
2 Title: INTEGRATED BUSINESS STUDIES AND ITS CHALLENGES IN KENYA.pdf
Author: PHAMPO AMBO
Abstract: The purpose of the study is to investigate the administrative challenges faced by head teachers, challenges faced by teachers and students in the implementation of IBSC. Research Development and Diffusion Model was employed. The findings were: no classrooms designated for IBSC, KNEC and KICD syllabus are not in harmony, time allocated to teach IBSC is not adequate, abstract and wide IBSC content and difficult language in the text books. Study concluded that time allocated for teaching IBSC was inadequate, inadequate teaching/learning resources, inadequate physical facilities, KNEC and K.I.C.D syllabuses are not in harmony, and IBSC is wide and abstract. IBSC syllabus is not completed on time. IBSC should be reviewed especially the accounting part. Keywords: Integrated business studies Curriculum (IBSC), Challenges. View
3 Title: FOREIGN CAPITAL AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA 1975 2012.pdf
Author: ALWELL NTEEGAH, PhD., EZAAL OKOWA, PhD. AND SYLVESTER UDEORAH, PhD.
Abstract: This study examines the impact of foreign capital on economic growth in Nigeria over the period 1975-2012. Growth rate of GDP is the dependent variable while foreign direct investment, official development assistance, exchange rate and price level in Nigeria are independent variables. Using time series data and employing ordinary least squares, cointegration/error correction, the study discovered that: economic growth rate is negatively and insignificantly influenced by changes in foreign direct investment in Nigeria. Economic growth was found to be positively and insignificantly influenced by changes in initial level of official development assistance but negatively affected by first lag of ODA in Nigeria. GDP was positively and significantly influenced by changes in exchange rate. GDP was also found to be positively influenced by changes in the first lag in inflation level in Nigeria but insignificant at 5% level. However, the impact of inflation on GDP was negative and significant in Nigeria at initial level. The coefficient of determination depicted that 78 percent of the systematic variation in economic growth was explained by changes in foreign capital inflows in Nigeria. Based on these results, the study suggests a conducive environment for attracting foreign resources, efficient management of foreign resources, stable and competitive exchange rate and stable price as possible measures to make foreign capital more growth friendly in Nigeria.  Key Terms: FDI, ODA, Growth, Exchange rate and Inflation rate. View
4 Title: SUCCESSION PLANNING AND ORGANISATIONAL CONTINUITY OF FOOD AND BEVERAGE IN ANAMBRA STATE.pdf
Author: OGOLO JOHN IBINWANGI, PhD. AND OGUKA CHIADIKAOBI MARIA-GORETTI
Abstract: One of the main problems related to food and drink is the problem of mentoring and its impact on succession planning. The main objective of this study is to determine the type of relationship that exists between succession plan and organizational continuity in food and beverage production Anambra. The specific objective is therefore to establish the type of relationship that links mentoring and organizational flexibility of selected food and beverage firms in Anambra state. A population of 470 people was used for the study and the Taro Yamane sampling method was used in the selection of 216 sample size. Questionnaire was used to collect data while analysis of data was done using Pearson product moment correlations coefficient. The result reveals that there is a significant positive relationship between mentoring and organizational survival. Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that mentoring enhances organizational survival in the sense that mentoring kept the organization moving in the right direction even when several key members of the organization retired or moved on for some reasons.  The researchers however recommend that employers should adopt the culture of mentoring the subordinate as it fosters organizational continuity, and also encourages employees to develop themselves so that when opportunities arise, they could move up and take key positions. Key words: Succession Planning; organization Continuity; Mentoring; Succession Planning Method. View
5 Title: CHALLENGES OF ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE IN NAKURU MUNICIPALITY.pdf
Author: RIMUGI WIOHI AND KOOPMAN WIERDSMA
Abstract: This study sought to establish challenges of academic excellence in Schools in the declining performance in public primary schools in Nakuru Municipality. Nakuru Municipality has a population of 60 public primary schools. The study adopted ex-post facto research design which defies manipulation of variables since the KCPE results used had already taken place. The study sampled 52 schools using a random sampling technique. The findings established that most schools embraced Stakeholder involvement thus school management committees were actively participating in the decision making process in respect to the school management; there is need to sensitize parents to take up roles in their children’s class meetings; that more funding is required for the enhancement of participatory activities that improve the learning environment and that participatory management in most schools contributed positively to academic achievement to a large extent. View
6 Title: ECOWAS AS SUB REGIONAL INSTITUTION IN AFRICA HOPES ACHIEVED OR HOPES BETRAYED..pdf
Author: NWIBOR, LUCKY B.
Abstract: The main focus of this work is to examine the motivation of the issues, and challenges that impact on the concept of regionalism relative to African development. The writer attempts a discourse on the evolution of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) as the sole Economic Community in West Africa despite the forces favoring and against its formation. The concern for economic integration on modern industrial structure particularly against the backdrop of the high performance recorded by such organizations in Europe and America agitated the mind of the writer. The paper observes that member states having continued to retain their political and economic sovereignty exacerbated by the burden of certain inherited colonial institutions militates against its performance. The writer recommends therefore that for desired objectives to be attained, member states must be autarkic in their trade relations, show absolute commitment and willingness to relinquish substantial proportion of their political and economic sovereignty to the supranational abstraction (ECOWAS) realizing that the gains notwithstanding, the losses for such sub-regional arrangement is necessary provided the organizational purposes is achieved. The researcher adopts descriptive functionalism through analytical framework relying absolutely on secondary sources of materials. Keywords: Convergent criteria, economic integration, monetary union, treaty, common market etc. View
7 Title: CONTENTIONS BETWEEN LANGUAGE COMPETENCIES AND PROFESSIONALISM IN IRAN.pdf
Author: SHADE MAREA AND RHAME RHEAVE
Abstract: This study investigates contentions between language competencies and professionalism in the relationship between English teachers and learners perceptions in Iran. The study employed a qualitative approach, using interviews as its main concern. Twenty representative teachers and learners from Khorasan, Iran, were selected to participate in the interview meetings. Findings suggested that teachers and learners agreed on some aspects of professionalism. However, there were also important areas of disjuncture between learners and teachers perceptions. The results also revealed that the teachers of our sample were not much familiar with the issues of professionalism and sought to enhance their professional development. They also stressed the importance to be offered for more opportunities for lifelong learning education. Key words: Professionalism, Learners Perception, Teachers Perception. View
8 Title: PRODUCT DESIGN AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS IN THE PORT HARCOURT HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY.pdf
Author: NDU, EUGENE CHIGOZIE AND ADEME, DORIS THOMPSON
Abstract: This empirical paper sought to establish the relationship between product Design (PD) (with product quality (PQ) as its sole dimension) and organizational effectiveness (OE), measured by profitability (P), Customer Retention (CR) and Employee Turnover (ET). Three research hypotheses guided the study – there is no significant relationship between PQ and P; there is no significant relationship between PQ and CR; there is no significant relationship between PQ and ET. Using the survey design method and a sample of 82 hotel managers for the analysis, the researchers found that: there is a significant and moderately positive relationship between PQ and P; there is a significant and strong positive relationship between PQ and CR; there is a significant and low negative relationship between PQ and ET. Based on these, it was concluded that PD influences OE. Consequently, it was recommended that hotels should continually design products that impact positively on corporate effectiveness; Corporate culture should include practices that discourage employee turnover; Employees that remain committed to their jobs even when products design place increased demand on them should be given some incentives to encourage them; hotels should be innovative and creative in their products and services so as to make them look attractive and qualitative to customers; and finally that hotels should continually get feedback from customers on the quality of their products/services so as to know what quality actually mean to them. Keywords: product design, product quality, organizational effectiveness, profitability, customer retention and employee turnover. View
9 Title: IMPLICATIONS OF DYSGRAPHIA ON EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTIONS IN KENYA.pdf
Author: DOROHO NYUADO, PhD. AND TETTE GENDAKI
Abstract: A pre-testing of the research instruments was done to establish reliability and the validity. Quantitative data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) while themes were organized for qualitative data. The results show that 75 percent of teachers lack instructional materials that cater for LD. Only 25 percent of teachers can identify cases of LD and give special attention. Lack of standardized tools for assessment at the EARC center may have led to poor identification and placement of LD. The researcher concluded that learning of the learners with dysgraphia is inadequate and this has been contributed by; lack of enough teachers trained in LD to identify learners with dysgraphia and apply appropriate teaching strategies, inadequate instructional materials that cater for LD and lack of standardized tools for assessment at the EARC center. The study recommends that the Ministry of Education should oversee special education training to all education officers and teachers. The EARC centers to be equipped with standardized tools for quality assessment of LD cases and teachers to be provided with instructional materials that cater for LD. Keywords: Dysgraphia, Learning disability, Individualized Educational Program, Assessment and EARCH. View
10 Title: DYNAMICS OF STRESS IN PHILIPPINES.pdf
Author: SIBA VILLA, PhD.
Abstract: This study seeks to determine the causes of stress, the effects of stress, and the stress coping mechanisms of Political Science students in the Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City. It tested some assumptions using the descriptive survey method with 51 respondents. School requirements/projects were the most common cause of stress. Sleepless nights were the common effect of stress. It was observed that the causes and effects of stress between the male and female respondents were not different. Listening to music was the common stress coping mechanism. There was an observed difference between the male and female responses. Keywords: Stress, Causes of stress, Effects of stress, Coping mechanisms. View
11 Title: UNIVERSITY EDUCATION CRISES IN NIGERIA VIOLATION OF THE LEGAL PROVISION FOR THE REQUIREMENT QUALITY.pdf
Author: FELIX NKEMKA, NWABOCHI, PhD.
Abstract: Every institution of higher learning in Nigeria is established under the Act of Parliament or Legislature. The Universities, private or government owned were established through this process. This study looks at the University System in Nigeria vis-à-vis- the functioning of the Government owned Universities as they were established by the law of the land. For a better understanding, the work examines the Legal provision for university education, violation of the provision and effect on quality of education and as well the crisis. The work takes time to look at words such as crisis and quality. In conclusion, several arguments were advanced for the improvement of the university system. View
12 Title: ISLAMIC JURIPRUDENCE IN TA’LIM AL MUTA’ALLIM.pdf
Author: SUDDIN CHULUDA AND MURIDASI GARAKATANE
Abstract: Through this scrutiny, the ultimate aim of this study is to highlight the model of curriculum in the light of al-Zarnuji in the book Ta’lim al-Muta’allim, the monumental significant book containing basic principles in education, which has been used among the Moslem world in the context of character education. For gathering information, this study is conducted through qualitative research using descriptive analysis. The result shows that there are several significant kinds of knowledge united to ilmu hȃl comprising the science of belief as Tawhid, Islamic juriprudence as Fiqh and moral as akhlak. Finally, this research is highly expected to contribute the recommendation of conception in curricula in the process of education. Keywords: Ta’lim al-Muta’allim, curricula, ilmu hȃl, belief (Tawhid), Islamic Juriprudence (Fiqh) and Moral (akhlak). View

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