Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

Expand


2015 Archive

1 Title: EXAMINATION OF PYTHAGOREANISM AS GENESIS OF AFRICAN PHILOSOPHY.pdf
Author: MUKUYU SYRILAMBUS, PhD.
Abstract: Education tenets of Pythagoreanism are pivoted on historicism, spiritualism, empiricism, aesthetics and discipline. Education based on these tenets fits the description of holistic and interdisciplinary education, which can provide direction for African philosophy of education. Holistic education, believed to have been originated through the works of Ron Miller and its ideal elaborated further in the journal Holistic Education Review (now, Encounter: Education for Meaning and Social Justice), is a philosophy that considers all human potentials in totality rather than an aggregate of constituent parts (Holistic Education Network, 2003; Khan, 2008; and Miller, 2000). As explained by Amada (nd), Holistic Education Network (2003) and Melissa (nd), it regards every human being as important and exploits intellectual, emotional, social, physical, artistic, creative and spiritual potentials. Although the origin of holistic education is attributed to Miller, the concept has been with educators for centuries. For example, Maria Montessori (1870-1952), Johann Heinrich Peztalozzi (1746-1827) and John Dewey (1859-1852) advocate for holistic education (Miller, 2000). These education tenets are posited to be deterministic in the sense that they can direct the course of education as a result of philosophizing about them. View
2 Title: EXAMINATION OF SPORTS PERSONNEL RECRUITMENT STRATEGIES IN WASEDA.pdf
Author: HIROSHIKI GAYIEKA
Abstract: In the present study, a cross-sectional self-administrated questionnaire survey was conducted among teachers to examine SPORTS PERSONEL RECRUITMENT STRATEGIES IN WASEDA. The differences in perceptions between teachers in junior high and high schools were also evaluated. The mainly reported expected qualifications of external coaches by teachers were as follows: “humanity” (e.g., appropriate “character,” “abidance by rules,” and “educational thinking”), “ability” (especially having coaching credentials and experience, and technical coaching skills and knowledge), “cooperativeness” (“communication skill” and “support of SBECSA teachers”), and “trust.” Recently, there has been growing concern about physical punishment in Japanese schools. Accordingly, MEXT (2013) has produced a guideline toward preventing such punishment. With this context, many participants in the present study may have been particularly conscious of the need to abide by rules. Flintoff et al. (2011) stressed the importance of coaching with educational thinking, especially in elementary schools. The results of the present study indicate that educational thinking is also a strong requirement for external coaches in junior high and high schools. Therefore, educational thinking could be considered an essential qualification for external coaches in all school stages. View
3 Title:
Author: MBOHD J. XHO AND EDUERRY J. J
Abstract: The control of the anti-money laundering regime can be implemented by the government and society. The government can design two approaches: (i) normative approach; and (ii) institutional approach. The normative approach can be manifested through evaluating, examining the implementation of the rules of antimony laundering. While the institutional approach, can be conducted through optimizing the institutional capacity. In this respect, the government can remodify the existence of the related institution in anticipating the money laundering activities. In addition, the government can refunctionalize the related institution such as police, prosecutors, ministry of justice, ministry of finance, banks, Financial Services Authority (known as OJK), money changer institution, mortgage, institutions and so forth. All institutions should work in a comprehensive and integrated teamwork for eradicating the money laundering activities. While related to the society control, the government could improve the awareness of society to participate in preventing and eradicating the money laundering activates. This can be done through the controlling of a direct and cash transaction or by encouraging the society to report any suspected activities in economic transaction manually, i.e., cash transaction. View
4 Title: THEORETICAL IMPERATIVES ON MERANGASSE SEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.pdf
Author: REUZEE GOMEX
Abstract: The papers of this SI are grouped into three clusters: a. Sustainability Science, b. Economic Problems and c. Corporate Contributions to Sustainable Development. Burger and Christen discuss in their paper “Towards a Capability Approach of Sustainability”, the usefulness of the ‘capability approach’ for sustainability science. To do this, the author identified six adequacy conditions (future orientation, justice, normative power, universalism, limitedness and fragility of ecosystems and institutional actions) for the applicability of the concept of sustainability. These conditions are used to develop a categorical framework consisting of six categories for conceptions of sustainability. The author documents that the ‘capability approach’ is a promising candidate for fulfilling the demands of this framework. View
5 Title: THE NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IT’S IMPACT ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY (1981-2012) AN ECONOMETRIC APPROACH..pdf
Author: OGBOLE FRIDAY OGBOLE (PHD) AND SAMSON ADENIYI ALADEJARE
Abstract: The Stock Market is a specialized financial market. It has the potential to mobilize savings and investments for economic and industrial growth. As a long term security provider, the market enhances economic performance in different national economies. This paper examines the extent of causal relationship between stock market variables and economic performance in Nigeria. Time series analysis and Vector Error Correction Mechanism were used in the analyses. Annual data (1981 to 2012) were used; sourced from statistical bulletin, Central Bank of Nigeria (2012) and World Bank Development Index (2013). The variables used are: Gross Domestic Product Growth Rate (explanatory), while total number of deals, total value of deals, annual market capitalization and real interest rate are all explanatory. The findings reveal that the performance of the economy is influenced by the level of real interest rate, total number of deals, total value of deals and the market capitalization. The study recommends among others an enabling macroeconomic environment to sufficiently enhance the performance of the stock market. Thus, stock market regulators should address policy issues to boost the confidence of investors through improved policy formulation, objective implementation and appropriate supervision to occasion a stable macro-economic environment. Keywords: Gross Domestic Product, Growth Rate, Real Interest Rate, Total Number of Deals, Total Value of Deals, Market Capitalization, Vector Error Correction Mechanism. View
6 Title: WOMEN COOPERATIVES AND NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CONTRIBUTIONS AND ANALYSIS.pdf
Author: NWACHUKWU CHINWEOKE M. C. AND CHIMA-NWANERI CHIOMA J. A.
Abstract: This paper was undertaken with a view to ascertain the contributions of women co-operatives to Nigerian economic development. Also, it looks critically at the economic development of the nation within that area of jurisdiction. Twenty (20) women co-operative societies in Imo and Abia states were studied. Questionnaires were distributed to fifty five women comprising the employees, management committee and members of the co-operatives selected randomly through the stratified random sampling method. Quantitative and simple statistics were used in computation and tabular presentation of the data. Women co-operatives engaged in extensive crop production of cassava, trading, weaving, processing, rental services and other small-scale businesses, thereby contributing substantially to the growth of Nigeria’s gross domestic product. This article concludes that the small scale business enterprises of the women co-operatives in Nigeria are vehicles for economic development of the nation, and suggests the facilitation and expansion of the enterprises to attain greater heights in economic growth and development. View
7 Title: IMPACT OF RESEARCH INVESTIGATION ON STUDENT LEARNING.pdf
Author: JURIDISCH DENKEN, PhD.
Abstract: Teaching science is complex and demanding if the aim of teaching science in schools is to develop conceptual understanding, procedural knowledge, understandings of the nature of science, usefulness, and associated socio-scientific issues that conceptualize a scientifically literate individual (Moeed, 2010; Schwartz, Lederman, & Crawford, 2004). This paper focuses on just one aspect of this challenge, practical work and specifically investigation or scientific inquiry. Science education researchers agree that practical work has a place in science learning (Abrahams & Millar, 2008; Hodson, 2009; Millar, 2004). Other science educators argue that many benefits accrue from engaging students in practical activities in science (Hofstein, 2004; Hofstein, Kipnis, & Kind, 2008; Lunetta, 1998; Woolnough, 1991). Some also suggest that often students have not properly developed investigative skills and, therefore, there is little meaningful learning from these activities (Hodson, 1990; Roberts & Gott, 2004a). View
8 Title: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS (CASE STUDY OF STAFF IN SERVICE TRAININGS)..........pdf
Author: ALIABADA KATOUHA AND MODESTA LIKEFA
Abstract: Improving the human resources is one of the important managers responsibilities and includes the activities which are carried out in order to promote the employees awareness, increase the knowledge, create the employees skills, and provide the better services. In-service training in one of the method for human resources improvement and includes all job trainings which are given to them in order to improve the quality of their performance (Girrs, 1998) In-service training is the only factor for saving a system from the personnel routine job. By in-service training, the staff occupational knowledge will be acquirable and the future of system will be guaranteed to be in success and achieving the noble goals of university. Therefore, the main goals of this study is to understand and evaluate whether the University staff in-service trainings can promote and improve the service quality at university, and identifying the scientific and applied strategies for enhancing the effectiveness of staff in-service trainings View
9 Title: A STUDY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS’ COMPETENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RIVERS STATE NIGERIA.pdf
Author: MARILYN U. OCHOMA (PhD)
Abstract: This descriptive survey study investigates teachers’ competence in developing the speaking component of the oracy skills among senior secondary (SS) two students in Rivers State. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the conduct of the work. Instrument used to gather data was observation. An observation schedule for four lessons was planned by the researcher. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, while the hypotheses were tested using t-test at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis was used to answer the research questions, and the findings show that English language teachers were fairly competent in teaching the pronunciation components of the speaking skills, but incompetent in teaching stress and intonation. Based on the findings, it was recommended that: would-be-teachers of the English language be thoroughly trained in the segmental and supra-segmental aspects of phonology, giving priority attention to stress and intonation; stringent measures be taken to ensure that those employed to teach English language are competent; and that in-service training be organized for those that are already teaching. Keywords: Teacher competence, speaking skills, pronunciation, stress,    intonation. View
10 Title: PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS TEENAGE PREGNANCY IN ETCHE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING.pdf
Author: ORDU S. N. PhD.
Abstract: This research investigates parental attitude towards teenage pregnancy in Etche Local Government Area of Rivers State. The research design that was used is descriptive survey; three hypotheses were formulated and used for the study. The targeted population was all parents in Etche Local Government Area of River State. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 200 parents from five different clans – Okehi, Ozuzu, Mba, Ulakwo Umuselem and Igbo Agwuru-asa council areas. The instrument used for data collection was a self-designed questionnaire titled: “Parents Attitude Towards Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire” (PATTPQ), and data collected were analyzed using Chi-Square for the research hypotheses formulated for the study. From the findings of the study, it shows that gender had no significant influence on the attitude of parents towards teenage pregnancy; religion had no significant influence on the attitude of parents towards teenage pregnancy but the educated had a positive attitude than the non-educated in Etche Local Government. Based on the findings, conclusion, and recommendations, implication for counseling was outlined. View
11 Title: IMPACT OF BRAND COMMUNICATION ON TOURISM ADVERTISMENT.pdf
Author: CRIMEN PRAEVIA AND DELICTUM POENALI
Abstract: While there is general consensus on the importance of the slogan itself, little agreement exists as to what constitutes a successful place slogan. As such, although marketing managers use slogans extensively, they are often at a loss when it comes to creating them. Lack of specific empirical data as a guide leads to ineffective use of place slogans and, ultimately, the poor linkage between a brand and its slogan. The present research aims at producing some of the much needed data and establishing a framework for developing and measuring place slogan strategies. View
12 Title: STRATEGIES TO ENCOURAGE THE USE OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE.pdf
Author: BONGAERTS DIETEN
Abstract: The studies on multimedia-based content development are being carried on in accordance with the updated curricula used at schools. In fact, Turkey is still trying to become a full member in good standing of the EU (European Union), but full membership depends on a number of factors such as education and human rights which are currently being addressed (McIsaac, Askar & Akkoyunlu, 2000). Accordingly, educational targets are defined in five-year National Development Plans embracing the needs of individuals and industry, and service sectors in parallel with technological developments. In the same vein, national census is also reckoned in developing these targets so that the schools are to meet the needs of future citizens who are able to use new technologies in interactive educational settings. Keywords: Materials Development and Design Policies, Ministry of National Education, English language teaching. View
13 Title: THE PLACE OF FOLK MEDIA IN TH E SOCIO CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF KHANA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE.pdf
Author: BARIGBON GBARA NSEREKA, PH.D
Abstract: Disturbed by the fading socio-cultural values in Khana Local Government Area (KHALGA) of Rivers State, this study sets out to examine the place of folk media,   or channels of traditional communication in the socio-cultural development of the LGA.  To accomplish this objective, this survey research drew a sample of 400 subjects from the Khana population of 311,144 - using the Taro Yamane’s formula for determining sample size - to participate in the study. The data generated by a structured questionnaire were analyzed using frequency distribution tables, percentages and weighted mean scores (WMS).  Findings show that the people of Khana are generally well aware of the socio-cultural practices that welded the people together in the past as well as conscious of the socio-culturally permitted and rejected values; and that the available folk modes of communication or oramedia forms have the potency to bring about educational advancement, sports development, good health, cultural re-awakening and security. The study concluded that there are well-known folk media in Khana that can be used to publicize events and disseminate development messages; and that for peace and sustainable development to be the lot of the people, the available oramedia forms are potent. It, therefore, recommends that town-crying, village or town square meetings, folk songs and dancing, inter-community wrestling competitions and inter-community football competitions (which are more in use) should be seen as avenues of passing across development messages. Key Words: Folk media, Socio-cultural development, Development messages,   Khana Local Government Area, Rivers State View
14 Title: IMPACT OF EDUCATION LEVEL ON FIRM PERFORMANCE EXAMINATION OF JOB SATISFACTION.pdf
Author: BREDHA ATENAG AND ELAYUM AHASAB
Abstract: This study focused on employees who work in the service industry where there are no specific assigned tasks or duties. The respondents of the study comprised of 210 employees of Malaysian Alliance Assurance Berhad (MAA), and Perodua Malaysia Berhad. They were 89 males; 55 school-leavers and 34 graduates, and 121 females; 60 school-leavers and 61 graduates. They were randomly selected to answer the questionnaire to get high response rate. These companies are chosen because they are well-established with population of at least 2000 employees of each company with different educational background. It is believed that the turnover rate is very low. This study used Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) as a data gathering tool. The MSQ is offered in a long form, and a short form, which measure on a five-point Likert scale. The format of MSQ is a paper and pencil inventory, which measures vocational needs and social values based on job satisfaction. View
15 Title: CHALENGES AND PROSPECTS OF URBANIZATION.pdf
Author: JIPMU NDANG, PhD, ACTA TURISTICA, PhD AND DAE WANGSA, PhD
Abstract: The quality of urban environment has been one of the new challenges of planning and management institutions in recent years. Responding to the residential and service needs, especially in cities located in the border provinces has caused that this important and affecting issue is considered less in the quality of urban life. Due to features such as lack of physical space according to the needs of society and the lack of services and facilities and its non-uniform distribution, lack of social security, it seems that Border towns have suffered serious injury in this field.  The results of investigations show that Constituent elements of environmental quality in both studied scopes, although with slight differences are identical. It was also found that although citizens satisfaction with the quality of the environment isnt desirable but the residents of new fabric are more satisfied than the residents of old fabric. The studying of the amount of satisfaction is facing to the constituent factors of the quality of life in regions. The socio-economic dimension has the greatest influence on the citizens satisfaction in new fabric and the citizens of the old fabric are more satisfied with perceived dimension.  Key words: Satisfaction, quality of life, new and old urban fabric. View
16 Title: INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION AS PANACEA FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMEINSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION AS PANACEA FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOME.pdf
Author: OKAI N. OKAI, PhD. AND WALI WORLU, PhD.
Abstract: This study examines instructional supervision as a factor for effective teaching and learning outcome in secondary schools of Rivers State, Nigeria. The area of this study is Obio Akpor and Port Harcourt local government areas of Rivers State. The population of the study was 900 teachers drawn from both Public and Private secondary schools in the two local government areas that cover the area of the study. The sample of the study is 360 persons making 40 percent of the total population. The instrument used is a self-constructed questionnaire that was structured on 4 point Likert scaling pattern. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study; the scores were weighted and converted into mean. The means were used in deriving the answers to the research questions, and a z-test was used in testing the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings  of  the study  includes that there is a significant  difference between the teachers  of  public and private schools in their mean opinion of the adequacy of instructional supervision; a significant difference exists  between public and private secondary schools in their  opinion at which workshop is organized for teachers for effective teaching and learning outcome. It was recommended that the sustained use of instructional supervision by school principals will enhance effective teaching which will result to effective learning outcome. View
17 Title: INFLUENCE OF BANKING QUALITY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION.pdf
Author: HOVIA TESHAHR, PhD
Abstract: Customers are satisfied with customer service when they perceive they are receiving tangible bank services, when they believe the bank is responsive to their needs, when they perceive the bank as reliable, when the bank shows empathy for their needs and when they believe the bank’s assurance for customer confidence. When perceptions of a service meet their expectations, it means they are satisfied with a bank’s service. Responsiveness to customer needs has become an important factor in banking service as customers want more choices from their service providers and easily accessible information.  The variables that showed the highest service quality results were: Customers perceive high safety and security, Bank has a secure customer information protection system, Bank employees are courteous, Bank employees are knowledgeable and skilled, and Bank shows an interest in customer problem-solving. Safety and security was important to customers since the bank has their money, and they want to be assured the bank makes personal safety and security a priority for customers. A secure customer information protection system is important because personal information can be too easy to access if the bank’s IT system is not secure. Banks need to pay more attentions on customer problem-solving because it will create customer satisfaction.  View
18 Title: HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION EXAMINATION MINCERIAN HUMAN CAPITAL-MODEL.pdf
Author: MORGAN KESSLEY
Abstract: ABSTRACT The present study is based on the Human Capital model developed by Becker (1964) and Mincer (1974). The study incorporates natural logarithm of monthly income which is linear function of completed years of schooling, student experience and square of experience. Two equations are formulated to determine the relationship of different level of education and experience over income by using Mincer model of human capital as a frame work. The study concludes that income is a linear function of education and experience. View
19 Title: LA TECHNIQUE NARRATIVE ET STRUCTURALE DANS LES SOLEILS DES INDÉPENDANCES D’AHMADOU KOUROUMA ET L’AVENTURE AMBIGUË DE CHEIKH HAMIDOU KANE.pdf
Author: ANTE JAMES ETEKA (PhD)
Abstract: Ahmadou Kourouma et cheikh Hamidou Kane sont des auteurs africains de très grande répute. Nous avons dans Leurs œuvres, les soleils des indépendances et L’Aventure Ambiguë élucidé la technique et la structure qu’ils ont déployée pour raconter leur histoire. Ces histoires nous l’avons vu et analysé sous l’angle d’un conte. Le but, c’est d’en faire une description narrative et structurale. En ce faisant, le lecteur sera à mesure de comprendre le style et y faire part dans le trajet intellectuel amorcé pour développer la synthèse de ce travail. View
20 Title: WOMEN’S SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.pdf
Author: NNANA NGOZI ROSELINE
Abstract: This study analyzes and discusses the significance of women, the different factors affecting their roles and suitable strategies for promoting the position of women in sustainable development. The purpose of the study is to encourage better participation of women in the achievement of goals for sustainable development as well as lasting improvement on their quality of life. An online based questionnaire (FAQS) and Forms were utilized to collect data from women in Nigeria with particular reference to Lagos State, Nigeria. The results show that the responsibilities of women in sustainable development were mainly domestic in nature while the factors affecting the women in sustainable development were mainly social and family in nature. The first three strategies ranked at most important for improving women’s place in sustainable development are based on educating the girl child in order to liberate women from poverty and become more involved in politics, social and economy of the nation. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made. This paper maybe beneficial to policymakers and educators in their search of strategies for improving the roles of women in sustainable   development. Keywords: Gender equity, sustainable development, strategies and roles, women, education, policy makers, educators and agencies. View
21 Title: STRATEGIC PLAN AND TEACHERS BEHAVIOR IN KENYA.pdf
Author: KIKUYU GIBSON AND MARIA FARRET
Abstract: The relationship between the strategic plan’s objectives and employee’s behavior was conceptualized generally as depicted in Figure 1. A relationship exists where the causal factor that is, the strategic plan objectives affect the teachers’ behavior. There are several moderating factors that may affect the employees’ behavior, some of which are internal and external to the individual and to the organization. However, this study did not consider the effect of the intervening variables also called confounding variable. This study assumed that these factors remained constant during the period of the study. The independent variable were generic strategic plan’s objectives as depicted in the conceptual framework; the dependent variable considered were, the teachers behavior expressed through work practices such as continuous evaluation of performance with aim of improving, values ,beliefs held and practiced, team-working by collaborating and coordinating, adoption and use of ICT technology as well as communication mechanisms used. View

home