Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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2018 Archive

1 Title: THE EFFECT OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PREVENTING A CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR DISORDERS.pdf
Author: ADAMU ZAKIYU UBALE, ABDUL-HAKIM ABDULLAH AND KABARA AUWAL HALABI
Abstract: The supposition of this study is that involvement of parents in school events, which covers manifold positions of communication between parents and schools and a corporation in decision making, is advantageous for the educational and general progress of students. This article focused to explore the effect of parental involvement in preventing children’s behavior disorders. The study is conceptual review, content analysis of the qualitative approach were used to accumulate information about the subject matter. The findings revealed that parental involvement help to prevent a children’s behavior disorders. However, it also indicates that parent’s involvement do not only benefit the children’s educational performance but also influence in many aspects of their life including the way they behave. For that, government as well as private agencies has to work immensely to ensure the successful involvement of parents. Parents also have to understand that they are primarily needed to provide good citizens who are morally sound. Keywords: effect, parents, involvement, preventing, children, behavior disorders. View
2 Title: A FOLLOW UP ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MONKS TEACHING MORALITY ON BASIC EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES AS ACTUALITY AND EXPECTATION.pdf
Author: PRAKRU PALAD AND RAWING RUANGSANKA
Abstract: This research aims to study the performances of moral teaching monks in basic education schools as actuality and expectation. The samples in this study were the moral teaching monks, school administrators, students and parents involving in the basic education schools. The research tool was a questionnaire. The data were analyzed as descriptive statistic and T-test. The results showed that; The respondents were mostly male, aged 51 years or more with a higher education degree and involved in public schools. Sample groups have comments about the performances of the moral teaching monks in the four aspects of curriculum, teaching and learning, using instructional media and materials and measurements. The actual performances of them were lower than expected at all, excepting the monk opinion of the teaching assignments in the course of their aptitude item with no difference of practical level. Moral teaching monks and school administrators had the consensus opinion that the moral teaching monks understood the purpose , were assigned in the course of their aptitude, had knowledge and skills in teaching activities effectively, understood and had skills in the selection of instructional materials. The teaching media corresponded with the teaching context. There were the school officials who facilitated the installation media of instruction. The appropriate measurement criteria was used in school. However, they were expected to understand the structure of Buddhism curriculum and present the measurement and evaluation for improving teaching and learning activities. In terms of students and parents opinions, they understood both structure and purpose of Buddhism curriculum. Students were participated in teaching activities. The teaching media corresponded with the teaching context. Students readiness was prepared before using instructional media and materials. The suitable measurement tools were selected corresponding to the content or activities of teaching. However, students expected them to manage teaching activities according to the purpose of learning and have the knowledge and skills to manage teaching activities that emphasis on students. While parents expected that the curriculum context should be modern and consistent with current situations. Moreover, they should have the knowledge and skills of using a variety of teaching methods in accordance with the course contexts. Keywords: Monks, moral teaching, basic educational institute View
3 Title: THE IGBO IN NIGERIA A PEOPLE GROSSLY MISUNDERSTOOD BY THEIR NEIGHBORS.pdf
Author: HENCHARD B. EREZENE, PhD.
Abstract: The Igbo are one of the major ethnic/linguistic groups in Nigeria. They have all it takes to be respected and have a strong and healthy relationship with their neighbors (other Nigerians) in the country – wealth, population, education, industry, ingenuity, etc, but are looked down upon. They are among the most highly marginalized groups in Nigeria, and are called all sorts of derogatory names – cunning, cheats, untrustworthy etc, mainly because of the involvement of some of their people in some ugly events in the country such as the January 15, 1966 military coup, the Nigerian civil war, and the annulment of the June 12, 1993 election. The result is that today the Igbo are generally hated in every part of the country. Our argument in this paper, however, is the Igbo are not hated because they are really a bad people, but because they are not properly understood by their neighbors i.e. other Nigerians. View
4 Title: TEACHER QUALITY STANDARDIZATION OF MTs SCHOOL THROUGH EDUCATION REGULATION IN JAMBI.pdf
Author: MAISAH, M. I., PhD.
Abstract: Quality as indicated by the competence of teachers is a very important factor in ensuring the quality of education. One strategy to standardize the quality of teachers is through regulation or statutory regulation. These qualitative research methods revealed that the implementation of standardized regulations on teacher competence MTs Jambi City Department of Religious Affairs has been able to be implemented by the rules. Thus, the implementation of standardized regulations on teacher competence MTs in the Department of Religion City of Jambi has been going well, so as to improve the quality of education. This is indicated by the increasing number of professional teachers (certified competence) as well as the number of students and graduation in the national exams start of the school year 2005/2006 to the academic year 2008/2009. However, governments need to plan concrete steps regarding the determination of Law. 14 of 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers are not yet fully able to improve the quality of implementation of the standardization of teacher competence Private MTs in the future, especially with regard to the recruitment of junior teachers who have sufficient competence, so as to meet the needs of Subjects. Key Words: Quality standards, MTs Teacher, Jambi City, Regulation. View
5 Title: RELIGION MENTORSHIP AND MASCULINITY IN DAVID MULWA’S MUTEMA IN REDEMPTION.pdf
Author: PURITY WANJA, PhD.
Abstract: This study examines the interplay of religion and masculinity in David Mulwa’s Redemption through the character Pastor Mutema. It involved an investigation of the impact of mentorship in identity formation. Theoretical frameworks from the fields of post colonialism and psychoanalysis were used in the study. Among these were Franz Fanon’s ideas on cultural identity, and Sigmund Freud’s arguments on defense mechanisms and the subconscious. This is because of the need to interrogate the character motives and mind workings as well as the impact of colonial legacies in masculine identities. This study involved a critical assessment of the effects of actualizing deviant masculinities. The study discovered that intense human suffering and disruption of basic relationships is the end result of adapting violent identities, in the guise of religion. Key Words: Masculinity, Identity, mentorship View
6 Title: SCHOOL BASED FACTORS INFLUENCING DISCIPLINE OF BOY CHILD IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN MASINGA DISTRICT KENYA.pdf
Author: MUTHUKU CAROLINE MBESA
Abstract: Discipline is one of the most important factor that help social systems to function well and achieve their goals and more particularly the schools. However, cases of indiscipline are reported in institutions of learning including primary schools. In Masinga district, the performance of boys in National examinations has been deteriorating compared to the performance of the girls. This dismal performance has been attributed to high indiscipline cases by the boys. It is against this background that this study was set to establish the school based factors that influence discipline problems in schools in Masinga district. The study assumed a survey research design where questionnaires and interview schedules were used as the main tools for data collection. The teachers, head teachers and pupils in the 131 public primary school Masinga district were the target population for the study. The district has a population of 20520 boys, 19837 girls and 1077 teachers. The sample size constituted 410 pupils, 215 teachers and 13 head teachers in public primary schools in Masinga district. On the strategies used in schools the study established that Guidance and counseling was the main strategy (93.7%) used to curb indiscipline cases in schools. Other strategies include; Dialogue with pupils (73.6%) and referral to parent (66.5%). Based on the findings of the study, the study recommends that, guidance and counseling to be more regular and specific teacher should carry out counseling sessions by meeting pupils once a month with a view to helping the deteriorating discipline of the boy child. Keywords: Discipline, guidance and counseling’s View
7 Title: REGIONAL INTEGRATION A PRODUCT OF GLOBALIZATION CHALLENGES FOR THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK.pdf
Author: SAMBO JOHNSON MADIGWE AND ASUEME EBEKU
Abstract:  The significance of regional integration as an essential component of economic development such as the African Development Bank in research on globalization and African development strategies has awoken an impassioned twenty-first century debate among African scholars, particularly in a multi-disciplinary discourse. However, the lack of unanimity regarding the variances of globalization to African developing economies, thus to understand the opposing camps, therefore necessitates a thorough appraisal of Africa’s premier multilateral development finance institution (AfDB) and Africa’s status as the least developed region of the world. Accordingly, this paper employing the historical and multi-disciplinary approaches, first considered the historical episode of AfDB and then distinguishes the operational standard, lending strategies, the unrealizable effort of integrating African countries due to its status as low/middle-income countries who continuously depend on developmental assistance from the West, and as well-being witnessing a declining state in non-concessional lending which has made AfDB incapable in resource  provision for African states. This experience differentiate AfDB from the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the Caribbean Development Bank which are all known for sharing similar objectives such as provision of capital to governments to stimulate economic development, regional economic integration, policy and technical assistance. It then examines in detail two of the important arguments the two schools of thought have advanced in relation to globalization on Africa’s economic development. It concludes that globalization weakens investment and Africa’s capacity for achieving rapid economic growth and as well development. This is because at the heart of global economic system lies an unequal structure of trade, production and credit that is increasingly impoverishing Africa as a soul-mate of the global economy.    Key Words and Phrase: Globalization, Regional Integration, African Development Bank, Interdependence, Africa, Continent, Exploitation and United Nations. View
8 Title: FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR SEXUAL HARASSMENT AMONG MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS IN IGNATIUS AJURU UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION PORT HARCOURT IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING.pdf
Author: SUNDAY N. ORDU, PhD.
Abstract: The study investigated the factors responsible for sexual harassment among male and female students of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni Port Harcourt. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to drew a sample of 300 students. Self-structured questionnaire was used to gather data. Which were analyzed using independent t-test for the hypotheses. The following are the findings. That some factors were identified as responsible for sexual harassment among male and female students such as indecent dressing, lack of moral discipline etc. that there is a significant difference in the factors responsible for sexual harassment among male and female students, in Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, there is a significant difference in the factors responsible for sexual harassment among male and female students from high and low socio-economic background. And class level does not significantly influence the factors responsible for sexual harassment among male and female students. Based on these findings, the following recommendations are made that sexual harassment education should be instituted into the process of teaching and learning in tertiary institutions, sexual harassment policy should be formulated by the university authority in order to avoid punishment and sexual harassment on campus. Conclusion was also made. View
9 Title: THE THEMATIC CONCERNS OF KENYAN FEMALE FICTION WRITERS A CASE OF WAIRIMU KIBUGI’S PAINFUL TEARS AND THREE INSTEAD OF ONE.pdf
Author: SIMALOY WANJIRU WAINAINA AND LUCY NABUKONDE, PhD.
Abstract: The study sought to find out the thematic concerns of Kenyan female fiction writers, with a particular emphasis on Wairimu Kibugi and her two texts Painful Tears and Three Instead of One. Three research questions informed the investigation: first, was the major themes addressed by Kibugi in her inspiring texts, second was the unique style Kibugi employs in passing her message across, and third was on how Kibugi’s texts become a tool of commentary on the contemporary society. The study was conducted through qualitative research, employing a library-based critical textual analysis of primary texts, journals and other relevant literary material arrived at through careful sampling. Majorly the findings of the research study revealed that Kibugi employs a simple style to pass across serious thematic concerns surrounding love and romance, broken families, abuse of women, forgiveness and reconciliation, and women excelling in careers. Kibugi’s texts were also found to be a commentary on the contemporary society, highlighting two principal matters challenging the community, namely, the abuse of women and the place of women in industry. The study recommended that future studies can focus on other themes from the same texts that have not been highlighted in this project. It further recommended that literary critics be creative, original and open-minded, and look into other less well-known Kenyan female writers to investigate some other issues of concern to the contemporary society. Key Words: Thematic Concerns, Female Fiction Writers, Themes, Style, Social Commentary Society View
10 Title: AN ASSESSMENT OF INFLUENCE OF STUDENTS ATTITUDE ON IMPLEMENTATION OF SCIENCE CURRICULUM IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN WAJIR COUNTY KENYA.pdf
Author: ABDIKARIM ALI ABDULLA
Abstract: Students’ performance in science subjects in secondary schools in Kenya is raising concern amongst education stakeholders. It has remained to be poorly performed despite the intensive guidance and counselling programs, remedial teaching and provision of learning materials by the government. Other factors may have contributed to this poor achievement either directly or indirectly but students’ attitude on implementation of science curriculum remains to become one of central element to consider. Thus, the purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of students’ attitude on implementation of science curriculum in public secondary schools in Wajir County. The study was guided by the attitudinal and curriculum implementation theories. The study used mixed methods approach and concurrent triangulation research design in which quantitative and qualitative data were collected at the same time and with equal weight. The target population was 1000 comprising of 18 principals, 60 science subject teachers and 922 students. The study established that students’ motivational influence implementation of science curriculum in public secondary schools. Thus, the study recommends that teachers and other education stakeholders should encourage and motivate students to take part in science symposiums, seminars and other workshops as a way of improving their desire to perform well at school. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology should develop a policy aimed at encouraging students to develop positive attitude towards science subjects. Keywords: science curriculum, Attitude, Motivation View
11 Title: JACQUE MARITAIN ON THE USE OF PHILOSOPHY AN EVALUATION.pdf
Author: BASIL S. NNAMDI, PhD.
Abstract: Every discipline or field of studies has a well-known use or uses which fascinate and propel its prospective students. Such uses amount to job prospects at the end of the studies. Hence students of Economics, for instance can easily understand that economics deals with production of goods and services, medical students readily understand that medicine concerns sicknesses and cure, engineering students of various speciality have no qualms in understanding that they are in to master in principles and theory the art of science and technological production.  But the fresh university students of philosophy who first learn that philosophy means the love wisdom cannot easily fathom the uses the philosophy study will put them at end of their studies. Therefore, given the bizarre nature of philosophy, an unambiguous explanation of its uses is a sine qua non to at least the fresh university students. This paper recognizes this need and as such seeks to evaluate Jacque Maritain’s position on the use of philosophy. It concludes in agreement with Maritain that philosophy is not useless but rather useful for ethical moral life and existence of both the individual as well as for the society at large. KEYWORDS: Jacque Maritain, Philosophy, Use of Philosophy, Philosophy Discipline View
12 Title: THE IMPACT OF ABILITY TO CHANNEL FUNDS AND NON PERFORMING LOAN ON PROFITABILITY OF LISTED BANKS ON INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE.pdf
Author: INNES NOOR FATIMAH AND WEDI R. KUSUMAH
Abstract: Banks are established to distribute funds to society that needs them. By doing it effectively, banks are expected to be able to generate the amount of profits. This funding activity, indeed, has its risk. The risk intended is uncollectible funds from borrowers. This study intends to test and analyze the impact of ability of bank to channel funds and non-performing loans on bank profitability. Population used in this study comes from listed banks on Indonesia Stock Exchange. Banks as sample are taken from population by using simple random sampling method. Regression model with pooled data is utilized as data analysis method. Based on the test result of proposed hypotheses, this study concludes that ability to channel funds has a positive impact on bank profitability. On the other hand, non-performing loan has a negative impact on bank profitability. Keywords: bank funding ability, profitability, non-performing loan. View
13 Title: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONALIZATION IN EDUCATION A CASE STUDY OF CIE BRITISH SCHOOL CEBU CITY PHILIPPINES.pdf
Author: MARIA JUDITH R. RAAGAS PhD.
Abstract: This paper is a case study exploring the issues and challenges in the process of internationalization in education of CIE British School, Cebu City, Philippines. It is a retrospective type of case study wherein the researcher analyzed documents and interviewed informants relating to a past phenomenon of internationalization and studying its historical integrity. The researcher used the seven key elements of successful world-class education in the book World-Class Education: Learning from International Models of Excellence and Innovations by Vivien Stewart as reference in identifying the issues in this study.The findings of the study supported the concepts of these key elements, namely; ambitious standard, commitment to equity, high quality teachers and hiring of professionals and experts, alignment and coherence of educational goals, management and accountability, student motivation and global and future orientation, towards internationalization of an educational institution and served as the guidelines in attaining world-class education. Keywords: accreditation, case study, internationalization, international standards, worldclass education. View
14 Title: EFFECTIVE PROVISION OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION COPING WITH CONSTRAINTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RONGO DISTRICT MIGORI COUNTY KENYA.pdf
Author: LUCY AKINYI EUNICE AND JOHN ALUKO ORODHO
Abstract: This study sought to examine the constraints hindering effective provision of inclusive education with the objective of devising strategies to be employed to cope with these bottlenecks. The study was premised on classical liberal theory and social Darwinism which asserts that every citizen should be given opportunity through education. Descriptive research design employing multi-case studies was adopted. Purposive sampling was utilized to draw 170 subjects comprising of students with special education needs, teachers, school principals and Ministry of Education officers (MoEs) in the study locale. Data was collected using questionnaires for students and teachers and interview schedules for school principals. Quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed using descriptive statistics while qualitative data from interviews was analyzed using thematic approaches and reported in narrative and direct quotes. The major findings were that the secondary schools that have embraced inclusive education were experiencing a myriad of interrelated constraints ranging from lack of physical and instructional facilities suitable for inclusive education, lack of qualified teachers to handle the inclusive education and negative attitudes by parents regarding disabled learners, amongst others. It was recommended that for the success of inclusive education to be realized pragmatic copying strategies should be introduced. These strategies should include aggressive sensitization campaigns to enable all stakeholders in education understand their roles and debunk the idea that the Government is the only body that should take full responsibility in the provision of effective inclusion education in the study locale of Rongo District, Migori County, Kenya . Key Words: Inclusive Education, Physical and human resources, Special needs, coping strategies, Secondary schools, Rongo District, Migori County, Kenya. View

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