Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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2020 Archive

1 Title: THE EFFECT OF USING BRAINSTORMING STRATEGY IN DEVELOPING CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS AMONG MALE STUDENTS IN KUWAIT A FIELD STUDY ON SAUD ALKHARJIJI SCHOOL IN KUWAIT CITY.pdf
Author: MOHAMMAD ALMUTAIRI
Abstract: View
2 Title: TOWARDS AN IDEOLOGY FOR AFRICAN HUMANITIES EDUCATION IN CONTEMPORARY WORLD.pdf
Author: LUCKY NZIADAM PhD
Abstract: Abstract This article advocates for an ideology for African humanities education and posits that there is the need to establish and strengthen region-wide African institutions and promote regional integration for greater African self-reliance. The humanities would be very relevant in pursuing that goal. In order to succeed in this task, however, the universities may need to focus on core areas of research in the humanities, while establishing protocols to share resources with one another in areas of relative weaknesses. View
3 Title: TEACHER PREPARATION PRACTICES IN KENYA AND THE 21 LEARNING A MORAL OBLIGATION.pdf
Author: NABWIRE OPATA KAFWA, OBONDO GAUDIENCE AND SELLA TERRIE KISAKA
Abstract: Abstract Teacher preparation practices are indices used to measure quality teacher besides other variables. Whereas the current teacher preparation is test scores based inclining to cognitive knowledge, a good teacher preparation practices is a holistic development in nature oriented towards character, skills and knowledge. To embed teacher preparation in the trio domains, defines the moral duties a teacher has towards the learner akin to biblical teachings that reflect the requirements for the 21st century teacher. The required skills correspond with workplace realities marked by creativity and innovativeness rather than transmission and consumption of knowledge. To change the current practice there is need to re-focus and align to both interactive teaching and the requisite skills of 21st century addressed in the following critical questions; are approaches used for teacher preparation relevant to modern teaching? What role do teachers play in instructional delivery for 21st century learners? Which modern innovations can be adopted? The article hopes to highlight the current practices versus best practices of 21st century Skills Keywords: Teacher Preparation, Conventional Practices, Innovativeness, 21st century learner View
4 Title: STANDARDS OF MULTIMEDIA GRAPHIC DESIGN IN EDUCATION.pdf
Author: AHMAD ALDALALAH
Abstract: Abstract This study aims to determine Standards of Multimedia Graphic Design in Education through the analysis of the theoretical basis and previous studies related to this subject. This study has identified the list of standards of Multimedia, Graphic Design, each of which has a set indicator through which the quality of Multimedia can be evaluated in education. These course standards are: General Standards, Standards for using colors, Printed text, Illustrations and photographs, Cartoons, Video clips, using vocal sound, Sound effects and Music. Keywords: standards, Graphic Design, Education, Multimedia. View
5 Title: THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COLLABORATIVE LEARNING MODEL FIND SOMEONE WHO AND FLASHCARD GAME TO ENHANCE SOCIAL STUDIES LEARNING.pdf
Author: BINTI NURHANIYAH
Abstract: Abstract The aims of this classroom action research are to describe: (1) the implementation of cooperative learning model find someone who and flashcard game to boost students motivation to learn social studies for the fifth grade students; (2) the response of the fifth grade students at SDN Klanderan, Kediri, East Java on the implementation of find someone who and flashcard game. The subjects of this study were 32 students. The study was conducted in one cycle. Then the data collecting in this study was done by using observations, questionnaires, and interviews. Research data analysis technique was done by using qualitative descriptive. The conclusion of this study are: (1) students motivation to learn social studies for the fifth grader at SDN Klanderan improved that can be seen through the achievement aspect of the successful expectation, persistence of effort in learning, as well as the ability to face and overcome the failures of learning and (2) the fifth grade students at SDN Klanderan responds find someone who and flashcard game of learning with fun, the spirit of thinking, and agree. Keywords: Cooperative Learning, Find Someone Who, Flashcard Game, Motivation to Learn View
6 Title: THE ANDRAGOGY, THE SOCIAL CHANGE AND THE TRANSFORMATIVE LEARNING EDUCATIONAL APPROACHES IN ADULT EDUCATION.pdf
Author: CHRISTOS GALIROPOULOS
Abstract: Abstract This paper is concerned with the methods and techniques used in adult education in order to allow the educator to successfully respond to suitable learning experiences on the part of the learner as well as to reinforce interaction between the learners. The strategies adopted, teaching aids and the choice of suitable teaching material also is discussed in order to achieve a successful outcome in the learning process. The goal of the educator is not only to transfer knowledge but also to urge the learner to search for knowledge himself. A further goal of the educator is to encourage the learner and facilitate the learning procedure. In addition the general framework for the first meeting of adult learners in lifelong learning is mentioned. Also the obstacles an adult is confronted with on beginning a lifelong learning program are explained, focusing on mental, financial and social obstacles which make the learning procedure difficult owing to a lack of self-esteem. Keywords: adult education, lifelong education, andragogy, transformative learning View
7 Title: ORAL MEMORIES AND PRESERVATION OF THE IZON CULTURE A SURVEY OF OBOBO BI, NECROMANCY.pdf
Author: TARIKIYE E. ANGAYE AND ODINGOWEI M. KWOKWO, PhD.
Abstract: Abstract Oral poetry in Izọn tradition is diverse but one that is often neglected in scholarly discourse is the elegiac poetry of the Obobo bi or necromancy which involves songs, dances, rituals, recitations, incantations and performances. This paper seeks to investigate the elegiac poetry of Obobo bi or necromancy with the aim of projecting into scholarly attention and reveal the alienation, liminality and the hidden literary aesthetics of the Obobo bi tradition. African traditional literature is fraught with songs, dances, riddles, jokes, proverbs as well as chants, incantations, invocation, rituals and musical performances. Some of these features are found in earlier poet, Christopher Okigbo’s Labyrinths (1985) and comparatively recent poet, Christian Otobotekere’s A Sailor’s Son: in the wake of dance and games (2015).The Obobo bi is the process of investigating the dead, which literarily means necromancy via a ladder. The study will focus on the performance style and creativity involved in this traditional belief system, which demonstrates the power of the spoken word as a sub-genre of African poetry. The study hinges on the theoretical framework within the concept of liminality and cultural theory, which are deeply-rooted in the spatiotemporal philosophy of African literature. Data for the study was collected from live performances and interview in the Kolokuma communities of Bayelsa State as well as from the researchers’ introspection. This study is relevant for scholarship and society because the tradition which is fast fading due to influence of Christianity is now being projected to the consciousness of the world as a form of oral literature. Keywords: Orality, Incantations, Necromancy, Creativity, Liminality and Alienation. View
8 Title: CONTENT ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN SINDH.pdf
Author: JAGUL HUMA LASHARI
Abstract: Abstract This research article identifies the contributions of PhD faculty members of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Sindh Pakistan offering degrees in the environment discipline through published articles in journals, conference proceedings, and research project reports and focused areas of research. The content analyses of curriculum vitae data of PhD faculty members is carried out in this article. As an outcome a methodology is developed which compares the conducted research with existing environmental issues existing in Sindh Pakistan. In total, 696 research contributions of PhD faculty members of HEIs offering degrees in field of Environmental Engineering & Environmental Sciences were explored. The PhD faculty members have disseminated their research by publishing 192 articles in international and 148 in national journals, presenting 71 papers in national and 117 papers in international conferences, 146 research project reports and 22 scholarly books. This research has identified different focused research areas chosen by PhD faculty members related to environmental issues in Sindh such as Waste Management, Water Quality, Environmental Resource Management, Water Management, Plant Biodiversity, Renewable Energy, and Air Pollution. While environmental issues in Sindh such as; Marine Pollution, Noise Pollution, Desertification, Deforestation, Agrochemicals, Sea Intrusion, Risks of Oil Spills at Ports, Climate Change, Global Warming, Ozone Depletion, and Acid Rain remained less focused by those PhD faculty members. This research concluded that larger numbers of research papers are published related to different environmental issues in Sindh but yet these problems remained unsolved. The finding suggests that academic research is making less impact on solution of local problems. Keywords: Research Contributions, Academic Biographies, HEIs, PhDs. Qualitative Content Analysis View
9 Title: IGBO REINCARNATIONILO UWA A CYCLIC INTERPRETATION OF DESTINY.pdf
Author: CHARLES IKECHUKWU OKORO, CHRISTIAN C. EMEDOLU, PhD. AND JUDE GODWINS
Abstract: Abstract The subject matter of reincarnation still commands a lot of interest amongst philosophers and theologians, intellectuals and laymen, as well as believers and non-believers alike. Western and Asian variants of interpretation of reincarnation abound. They have employed such terms as ‘transmigration,’ ‘metempsychosis’ and ‘palingenesis.’ Whereas transmigration holds that the soul can supposedly take up a new body at death and return to earthly life, metempsychosis believes that the soul (either of man or animal) can take up a new body of the same or different species at death and return to earthly life. Palingenesis has it that ancestral traits can exactly be reproduced in ontogenesis. The Asian version of reincarnation emphasizes ‘karma’ with its link to ‘subtle body’ as an overriding factor in determining reincarnation. Behind the doctrine of reincarnation is the belief in an enduring life beyond the strings of death. But the contour of this life takes different shades of meaning in different cultures. The Igbo (African) traditional life is firmly rooted in the doctrine of reincarnation. Her version of reincarnation is called Ilo Uwa (which considers both soul and body eligible for a return to the physical world). But this is highly debatable as some argue that a ‘return’ should be interpreted not as a return to the physical world but as a cyclic interpretation of destiny. We shall delve into this controversy to shed some light on which direction the pendulum swings. Keywords: Reincarnation, Ilo-uwa, Cyclic, Destiny View
10 Title: AN EXTRAPOLATION OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY ON THE SOCIAL-POLITICAL REALITY OF THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY A PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS.pdf
Author: EKIYOR K. WELSON, PhD.
Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the conceptual and theoretical significance and impact of the extrapolation of theories and principles generally in the understanding of the social structure of a society in the quest for social justice and political stability. This is in contradistinction to banal, whimsical, emotive and unscientific patterns and approaches adopted by the Nigerian state since independence. The argument is made strongly that society must be built and run on the basis of scientific theories on society. The essay progresses in the manner of taking an over-view of what a theory is and its necessity and relevance in the search for social-political solutions in society. The notion of theory and its practical usage in society is examined in consonance with arguments on the relationship between theory and practice. This paper takes a critical look at the Social Contract theory and draws a link between it and the quest for nationhood in Nigeria. The argument is that the same steps taken in the formation of society in the “state of nature” should be applied in creating a nation-state out of the numerous Nigerian nations. View
11 Title: INSTITUTIONAL EFFICIENCY IN SELECTED UNIVERSITIES IN UGANDA.pdf
Author: NAKIMULI AMINA AND ABANIS TURYAHEBWA
Abstract: Abstract Universities are accountable this study looked into Institutional Efficiency in selected Universities in Central Uganda. The study was guided by the following objectives; determine the level of institutional efficiency of the universities in terms of; educational efficiency; research efficiency and community service efficiency. The study employed ex-post facto, descriptive, comparative and correlation survey research design. Two hundred and twenty (220) administrators from the two selected institutions of Makerere University and Kampala International University were selected through purposive and systematic random sampling. The study adopted a standardized questionnaire. Data analysis was done using frequencies and percentages, means, t-test, PLCC and regression analysis. The study discovered that there are more male than female administrators in the two selected institutions. Majority were; youths (61.0%), Ugandans (67.3%), heads of departments (46.4%) and had masters degrees (54.1%) The study also discovered that the extent of Administrative Behaviors is very good and that the level of Institutional Efficiency in the selected universities is high. The study finally found out that there was significance difference in the extent of administrative behavior between males and females although the extent of administrative behaviors among females was slightly higher than in males. It was therefore concluded that research is crucial for Africa and African universities should be in the forefront in undertaking research. African governments should allocate funds to their universities specifically for research and also set up a research council to encourage, coordinate and fund research nationally. It was further recommended that university managers should take leadership courses to boost their managerial skills as a significant step towards improving institutional efficiency. The skills acquired should be sufficient to respond to the challenges of quality education bedeviling the universities. There is need to educate the society to stop stereotyping roles according to gender, the great need of university administrators to together to effectively deal with enormous challenges facing higher education today in Uganda and the world over, the need for strong research policy for the university faculty and students if the community and the world at large is to benefit from the university values. View

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