Dr Reiko Journals

Welcome to Reiko Journals

REIKO JOURNALS is an offspring of the REIKO CENTER FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND DEVEVELOPMENT. Its membership comprises of African and American Scholars in various Universities. The center decries the prevalent and perennial poverty and under-development in the sub-Saharan African countries and in the entire third world and designs a vision to provide intellectual potentials development opportunities to strengthen the micro and macroeconomic institutions in such countries....

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Reiko International Journal of Social and Economic Research (RIJSER). The Editorial Board of Reiko International Journal of Social and Economic Research (RIJSER) accepts articles from the Faculties of Humanities and Social and Environmental sciences across the globe. Such articles should be modeled to cover academic disciplines like Anthropology, cultural Studies, demography, Economics, environmental Studies, ethnography, geography, history, mass communication, political science Sociology and linguistics. For an article to be accepted for publication in the journal, such article must be in the form of original manuscript which addresses Social Science or Cultural issues from either interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary point of view and such issue or issues must elicit veritable insight and promote understanding of various problems confronting the contemporary society of its focus. RIJSER is a referred Journal published four times a year namely; Fall, Winter, Spring and Summer. Articles already published in another journal will not be accepted.

ISSN

2211–1802

IMPACT FACTOR: 4.34

Frequency of Publication:
4 Issues Per Year (Quarterly)
1 Title: CULTURE OF FAMILY IDEALS AND PERCEIVED SUBJUGATING POSITIONS OF WOMEN IN PATRIARCHY SOCIETY: THE WAY FORWARD
Author: SHIRLEY DANKWA
Abstract: Abstract Qualitatively, this article sought to examines the essence of family ideals and the perceived subjugating positions of women in patriarchy society. Patriarchy has been a cultural issue to grapple with in our contemporary society. The paper intends to place male dominance as a trigger factor for domestic violence within a theoretical framework which shows that it is not an individual problem but rather a social one. This is why this research is not only apt and timely, but also appropriate. Phenomenological design was adopted for this study. The research sought to answer the following questions: (1) what are the position of women in the family?; (2) what are the position of women in the workplace?; and (3) what are the position of women in the church?. The population was made up of married men and women in the Effutu municipality of Central Region of Ghana. The population for the study consisted of thirty people, which were made up of fifteen females and fifteen males from five communities within the municipality. The five communities were conveniently selected. Purposive sampling technique was employed in selecting the population for the study. The criteria for the selection were (1) married men and women, (2) households having permanent residence of couples, (3) gainfully employed and (4) being church goers. This research is delimited to male domineering of women in the areas of households, workplace and the church. It is further delimited to selected communities in the Effutu Municipality of the Central Region of Ghana. Qualitatively, outcomes from the interviews, observation and domestic violence data from Domestic Violence and Victims Support Unit (DOVVSU) at the municipal police headquarters, Winneba were analyses based on strands of themes arrived at. It was revealed that family ideals are controlled and shrouded in patriarchal and men benefit at the expense of women. In the family, while men are seen as the head and independent, most women are not independent. They rely on men for upkeep because they have either become house wives or are not gainfully employed. Based on the findings it was recommended that, women should form caucuses and networks within professional organizations and academic disciplines to pressure for changes in internal policies and priorities. Women’s studies programs should be established in universities and there should also be creation of serious academic journals focused on gender and women empowerment. Keywords: Culture, Family, Patriarchy, Positions, Society, Women ... more
2 Title: ECONOMIC RESEARCH OF CORRUPTION: ITS CONSEQUENCES
Author: MUHAMMAD MOHSIN KHAN
Abstract: Abstract In current age, corruption has become a major socio-economic problem. It is one of the most prominent barriers in the way to economic development. The major focus of this paper is on the economic research of corruption. The first part of this paper brings various definitions by renowned authors and typologies like intellectual, political, economic, and bureaucratic corruption. In the second part, this paper presents different impacts of corruption through economy. It contains research on the effect of corruption on the Gross domestic product (GDP), the level of investment in public and private projects, governmental expenditure, capital flows and Foreign Direct investment, bureaucracy, resource allocation, and foreign aid. ... more
3 Title: GLOBALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
Author: OBARI ALALE OSARO PhD.
Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the concept of globalization, its history, instruments and problems for the African continent. While identifying it as one of the recent developments currently changing the physiognomy of global politics, it specifically focuses on its challenges, consequences and implications for Africa particularly, in the realm of equality of players, requisite input into the policy process and, the encapsulating assertiveness of the global village. In the process, it was argued and revealed that, globalization is the final conquest of capital; over the rest of the world and that its “antecedents” and “uneven development thesis” are explainable within the context of the one-arm banditry and ethos of capitalism. Furthermore, it was argued that this will continue to be so, irrespective of its aim at the transcendental homogenization of political and socio-economic structure of the globe and its purported benefits to mankind. The central thesis of our study is that the asymmetry of power and interests of the member states of the global village, as well as the lopsidedness in the rules of the game therein cannot benefit Africa and her people. This is so and would continue to be so because globalization is a new order of marginalization and decolonization in a “neo-neo-colonial fashion”, of the African continent. We equally argued that its elevation into a position of ‘Absolute Truth” without any credible alternative is a. disastrous entrapment for Africa from which the latter must free itself through a genuine and committed political, cultural, sociological and economic realignment and restructuring that is truly African in nature, if it hopes to survive the challenges of the twenty-first century. Keywords: globalization, capitalism, marginalization, Africa, development. ... more
4 Title: CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA
Author: NYE ORUWARI PhD.
Abstract: Abstract This study is about capital market which plays a very crucial role in economic growth and development of any nation. It examines the impact of the stock market on economic growth in Nigeria. Data is collected from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin. The study used the least square method to estimate data collected from secondary sources. Analysis of the estimated model reveals that, All Share Index (ASI) has a positive impact on economic growth in Nigeria but statistically insignificant. Also, the study indicates that a long run equilibrium exist between All Share Index and economic growth in Nigeria. Market Capitalization is positively and significantly related to real gross domestic product i.e. economic growth in Nigeria. Interest rate is positively and significantly related to real gross domestic product in Nigeria. Also there is a significant relationship between stock market and economic growth in the country. Based on these, the study recommends that the Central Bank of Nigeria should adopt more expansionary monetary policy to boost stock market performances through market capitalization and All Share Index to improve private investments in direct productive activities. There should also be need for infrastructural development for investment, job creation and economic growth in Nigeria. In addition, there should be an incentive to boost investors’ actions which will instill confidence and a boost in economic growth in the country. ... more
5 Title: TEACHING COMPETENCY AND SELF CONCEPT OF ELEMENTARY TEACHERS: A CORRELATIONAL STUDY
Author: MS. BHARTI SHARMA
Abstract: Abstract Aim: The aim of the study was to study the teaching skills of elementary teachers in relation to their self - concept. Method: In first of sampling a list of the MCD schools and private schools situated in East zone of Delhi was obtained. Out of 203 MCD Schools in East Delhi, 40 schools were selected randomly. Similarly, out of 54 private schools, 20 schools were selected randomly. In second phase of sampling equal no of teachers from both types of schools were selected. The data was collected from 120 teachers, 60 of private and 60 of Government School, (MCD Schools) teachers teaching in Delhi. To measure the Teaching competency of teachers a teaching competency scale was developed by the researcher herself. The scale covers the items on Questioning, Explaining, Explaining, Illustrating with Example, Illustrating with Example, Reinforcement, Stimulus Variation, Encouraging Pupil Participation, Dramatization, Narration, Recitation and Classroom Management. Self - Concept was measured by using Self Concept Questionnaire by R K Sarswat (1984) was used. The inventory contains 48 items. It provides six separate dimensions of self-concept i.e. physical, social, temperamental, educational, moral, and intellectual self-concept. It also gives a total self-concept score. The alternatives given in SCQ were arranged in such a way that the scoring system for all the items would remain the same i.e. 5,4,3,2,1 whether the items were positive or negative. The summated score of all the items provides the total self-concept score of an individual. A high score on the questionnaire indicates a higher self-concept, while a low score shows lower self-concept. Findings: Female are more competent and skillful more flexible, adaptive and creative found in various studies. Influence of age on teaching skill as individual learns through experiences as age increases knowledge increases. Experience and age both goes hand in hand. As if age increases competency also enhanced. Male teachers are less competent because they play a major role in the family more involvement in other fields. Keywords: Teaching Skills, Elementary Teachers ... more
6 Title: WOMEN BENEFICIARIES OF FUNCTIONAL ADULT LITERACY SPEAK OUT: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN APAC DISTRICT, NORTHERN UGANDA
Author: JUDITH ABAL AKELLO AND PEACE MUSIIMENTA
Abstract: Abstract Women’s literacy is critical to addressing gender inequality, though, globally, only 88 adult women are considered literate for every 100 adult men. This article is an analysis of challenges faced by Ugandan women based in the Northern part of the country who attempt to acquire and use skills attained from training in Functional Adult Literacy (FAL) to improve their socio-economic conditions. Qualitative data was collected from 45 participants (literate and non-literate) selected purposively. The study was informed by Freire’s literacy and agency theories which argue on the element of awareness by making marginalized non-literates see the reality of the world by using their agency to recognize their impediment to development. Findings indicate that women FAL graduates faced challenges ranging from lack of acknowledgement, belittlement to negative perceptions. It would be helpful for Government, International development partners, NGO’s and civil society to ensure strong support and inclusive planning with FAL trainees to enable them not only to benefit from their training but also to contribute to achievement of sustainable development. Keywords: Practical Learning, Challenge, Socio-economic progress ... more
7 Title: CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF WILLIAM JAMES CONCEPT OF TRUTH: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
Author: Lucky Nziadam, PhD.
Abstract: Abstract William James work as part of the life blood of philosophy is ‘key’ to engage in debate, the vigorous exchange of ideas and disputation, and critically examine the concept of truth as it affects Nigerian educational policy and practice. The study of William James theory of truth reveals that James holds a pragmatic view of truth as he sees true ideas which we can assimilate, validate, corroborate and verify. His pragmatism shows that truth lives on a credit system. He adumbrated a theory of truth as workability, reliability, unchallengeable and good. This article critically assessed his theory and arrived at the conclusion that even though there were a lot of critics claiming that his theory is subjective and utopian in a sense, this paper argues that there is a pragmatic element apriori, in the pragmatic theory especially as its relate to Nigerian educational system coupled with the fact that Jamesian concept of truth is still relevant as it is an embodiment of futuristic, pluralistic and anthropomorphic which philosophy and the time-honored tasks of education meet. This work adopted the philosophical analysis method of study. Keywords: Truth, Pragmatism, Jamsian, Concrete Experience, Education, Nigeria. ... more
8 Title: ASSESSMENT OF THE TOURISTIC ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY COUCHSURFING PARTICIPANTS IN TERMS OF THEIR RELEVANCE TO SLOW TOURISM CRITERIA
Author: SAMI SONAT ÖZDEMIR, FATMA DO?ANAY ERGEN AND SERAP ÖZDEMIR GÜZEL
Abstract: Abstract Especially lately, it is quite apparent that tourists are adopting a slow life style. The couch-surfing (CS) social network creates an environment that is socially, culturally and environmentally interactive and enables travellers from different cultures to come together. This study examines CS’s members travel behavior within the context of slow tourism. The data were gathered through a survey technique, one of the common quantitative research methods, and analyzed with the SPSS 20.0 Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. The results show that the general slow tourism level (=3. 31) of the participants is around 3 points, which is a medium level. When arithmetic average figures regarding the sub-dimensions of slow tourism are analyzed, average points for “slowness” and “emotion” are higher than other aspects, which are =3.31 and =3.26 respectively. It has not been found another study regarding CS’s members travel behavior within the context of slow tourism in the literature. Therefore the results of this study have not been compared with another study results. The entire universe could not be reached because of the number of people constituting the universe is greater than ten thousand and time constraints. Therefore sampling method was used. Although the survey sent to 1700 CS members, 180 questionnaires were collected. In this study participants’ slow tourism behaviors according to place living in and to preferred place is studied. However participants’ slow tourism behaviors according to the nationality is not studied. In future studies, if participants’ slow tourism behaviors according to the nationality will examination, literature would be made an important contribution. In addition, there are millions of CS members all over the world. This study is seen that the general slow tourism ( =3,02) values of the CS participants that are approximately 3 points the middle value. Therefore if local governments will focus slow tourism activities in the destination, especially for slowness dimension, it will be effective to attract CS members to the destination. Keywords: couch-surfing; slowness; cultural interaction; slow tourism; accommodation ... more
9 Title: APPLYING THE UN PRINCIPLES ON THE USE OF FORCE AND FIREARMS BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ENDSARS PROTEST IN NIGERIA
Author: EMMANUEL UGOCHUKWU NWAKANMA, PhD.
Abstract: Abstract The UN principles on the use of force and firearms are meant to control the use of lethal force by law enforcement officers in the discharge of their duties. In Nigeria, the municipal law provides for the police to use firearms in defense of themselves and arrest of violent criminals. But the abuse of the powers and right to use firearms as vested on the law enforcement officers, has led to brutality from officers against the civilians. This has gone on in Nigeria for a long period until 2017 when some Nigerians took to the social media to agitate against such brutality. This protest culminated to the EndSARS saga in 2020 and the response of the law enforcement officers which led this study to consider the law enforcement officers level of awareness on the principle; the level of incorporation of the principle in Nigerian municipal laws; the application of the principle on the daily routine of the officers and the application of the principle on the activities of the officers against the EndSARS protesters. This descriptive survey concentrated in Umuahia South local government of Abia State where the activities of the protesters was experienced in the South East, collecting data from 352 respondents using questionnaire research tools. The collected data was analyzed using percentages and means to describe the variables while the Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test the formulated hypotheses. The result of the study shows that there is low level of awareness on the principle by the officers; that the principle is well incorporated into the Nigerian municipal laws; that the application of the principle has no effect on the daily routine of the officers and that the principle had no effect on the activities of the officers against the EndSARS protesters. The study therefore concludes and recommends that there is need for synergy between the UN police and the Nigerian law enforcement officers in order to grant the Nigerian law enforcement officers access to resources that will equip them for the international trend on law enforcement. Also, the study recommends continuous training for the officers and justice for the victims of police brutality in order to deter future occurrences. Keywords: Police brutality, EndSARS protest, UN Principle, Force and Firearms ... more
10 Title: LA SUBVERSION SOCIO-CULTURELLE ET POLITIQUE DANS LE ROMAN POST-COLONIAL AFRICAIN : UNE LECTURE CRITIQUE DE LES GARDIENS DU TEMPLE DE CHEIKH HAMIDOU KANE.
Author: ANTE, JAMES ETEKA PhD.
Abstract: Abstract/Résumé LesSessenes, communauté romanesque dans notre corpus défendent farouchement leur culture et n’admettent aucune forme de modification.Or le nouveau régime africain tente de frayer un chemin qui tend vers le modernisme pour pouvoir être dans le même diapason avec le monde contemporain en pleine évolution. La situation n’est pas bien contrôlée, elle lui échappe, soudainement tout le pays est gagné par l’insurrection et on y fait face à une subversion socio-culturelle et politique. Dans ce travail, nous ferons une analyse critique des différents niveaux de conflits qui ont donné lieu à cette subversion et pourquoi l’Afrique doit négocier elle-même ses propresvaleurs pour moyennement céder au modernisme occidentale. Mots-Clés : Subversion, Insurrection ... more
11 Title: FINANCIAL INNOVATION AS AN ALTERNATIVE DELIVERY CHANNEL AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF LISTED COMMERCIAL BANKS IN KENYA
Author: PETER MUSANGI NDWIGA AND JUSTUS NDERITU MAINA
Abstract: Abstract The study aimed at assessing the effect of product innovation and process innovation on financial performance of listed commercial banks in Kenya. Data was collected using Qualtrics Survey Software with which online questionnaires were administered to the respondents. Collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The study concludes that financial innovation and financial performance are indeed correlated. However, it’s only process innovation that has a significant relationship with financial performance while product innovation showed no significant relationship. The researcher recommended that commercial banks should invest more on process innovation strategies and less on product innovation. ... more